Топ-100
  • Alfa Romeo 155 Alfa Romeo 155

    The Alfa Romeo 155 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1992 and 1997. It was released in January 1992 in Barce...

  • Alfa Romeo Arese Plant Alfa Romeo Arese Plant

    The Alfa Romeo Arese Plant was a plant area where Alfa Romeo had its head office for more than two decades prior to 1986. After Fiat Group purchased Alfa Rom...

  • Alfa Romeo 147 Alfa Romeo 147

    The Alfa Romeo 147 is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 2000 to 2010. The 147 was voted European Car of the Year in 2001. ...

  • Alfa Romeo 179 Alfa Romeo 179

    The Alfa Romeo 179 is a Formula One car which was used by the Alfa Romeo team from 1979 to 1982. The 179 made its debut at the 1979 Italian Grand Prix, repla...

  • Alfa Romeo Twin Spark engine Alfa Romeo Twin Spark engine

    Alfa Romeo Twin Spark technology was used for the first time in the Alfa Romeo Grand Prix car in 1914. In the early 1960s it was used in their race cars to e...

  • Alfa Romeo Boxer engine Alfa Romeo Boxer engine

    The Alfa Romeo Boxer engine was a water-cooled flat-4 piston engine developed by Alfa Romeo for front-wheel drive, longitudinal applications. It debuted on t...

  • Alfa Romeo V6 engine Alfa Romeo V6 engine

    The Alfa Romeo V6 engine was a 60° V6 engine made by Alfa Romeo from 1979 to 2005. It was developed in the early 1970s by Giuseppe Busso, and used on the Alf...

  • Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine

    The Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine is an all-alloy inline-four engine series produced by Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1994. In Italian it is known as the "bialbero", ...

  • Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote

    The Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote is a two-seater roadster made between 1965 and 1967 by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo and the coachbuilder Zagato...

  • Alfa Romeo in motorsport Alfa Romeo in motorsport

    During its history, Alfa Romeo has competed successfully in many different categories of motorsport, including Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportsca...

  • Alfa Romeo Brera and Spider Alfa Romeo Brera and Spider

    The Alfa Romeo Brera and the Alfa Romeo Spider are mid-size sports cars using the GM/Fiat Premium platform, manufactured by Pininfarina and marketed by Alfa ...

  • Alfa Romeo Disco Volante Alfa Romeo Disco Volante

    The Alfa Romeo 1900 C52 "Disco Volante", commonly known simply as Alfa Romeo Disco Volante, is a series of experimental sports racing cars produced between 1...

  • Alfa Romeo 6C Alfa Romeo 6C

    The Alfa Romeo 6C name was used on road, race, and sports cars produced between 1927 and 1954 by Alfa Romeo; the "6C" name refers to the six cylinders of the...

  • Alfa Romeo 12C Alfa Romeo 12C

    The Alfa Romeo 12C or Tipo C was a 12-cylinder Grand Prix car. The 12C-36 made its debut in Tripoli Grand Prix 1936, and the 12C-37 in Coppa Acerbo 1937. The...

  • Alfa Romeo G1 Alfa Romeo G1

    The Alfa Romeo G1 was an Italian automobile. It was the first all-new design from Alfa Romeo after the end of the A.L.F.A. brand. It was designed by A.L.F.A....

  • Alfa Romeo GT Alfa Romeo GT

    The Alfa Romeo GT is a coupe automobile that was produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 2003 and 2010. The GT was introduced in March 2003 at t...

  • Alfa Romeo Diva Alfa Romeo Diva

    The Alfa Romeo Diva is a concept car of the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo. The car was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 2006. The car was...

  • Alfa Romeo 350 Alfa Romeo 350

    Alfa Romeo 350 is a medium Italian truck produced by Alfa Romeo in its Portello Plant. It was made after the 85 and 110 proved to be too heavy and expensive.

  • Alfa Romeo Alfasud Alfa Romeo Alfasud

    The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a small family car, manufactured from 1971 to 1989 by Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A of Ita...

  • Alfa Romeo Montreal Alfa Romeo Montreal

    The Alfa Romeo Montreal was introduced as a concept car in 1967 at Expo 67, held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Originally, the concept cars were displayed wit...

  • Alfa Romeo BAT Alfa Romeo BAT

    The Alfa Romeo BAT is an Italian concept car. The car originated from a joint collaboration project between Alfa Romeo and the Italian design house Bertone t...

  • Alfa Romeo Sprint Alfa Romeo Sprint

    The Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint is a boxer-engined coupe produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1976 to 1989, and based on the Alfa Romeo Alfasud...

  • Alfa Romeo Proteo Alfa Romeo Proteo

    The Alfa Romeo Proteo concept car was released at the Geneva Motor Show in 1991. It is a 2-door coupe cabriolet featuring a 3.0 liter quad-cam 24-valve, 60 d...

  • Alfa Romeo 4C Alfa Romeo 4C

    The Alfa Romeo 4C is a mid-engined, lightweight, rear-wheel drive sports car. Available in coupe and spider body style, it uses a carbon fiber tub, front and...

  • Alfa Romeo P1 Alfa Romeo P1

    Alfa Romeo Tipo P1 was the first Grand Prix car made by Alfa Romeo in 1923. The car had a 2.0 L straight-6 engine and it produced 95 bhp at 5000 rpms. Three ...

  • Alfa Romeo 159 Alfa Romeo 159

    The Alfa Romeo 159 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2004 and 2011. It was introduced at the 2005 Geneva Mot...

  • Alfa Romeo 85 Alfa Romeo 85

    Three versions were available: 85 5.2 meters, 85 C 4.6 meters and 85 G was gas generator version was produced since 1935. There was also bus version 85 A, re...

  • Alfa Romeo 430 Alfa Romeo 430

    The Alfa Romeo 430 is a 5-ton truck produced by Alfa Romeo between 1942 and 1950. It started as military project based on the larger Alfa Romeo 800 truck. So...

  • Alfa Romeo 2000 Alfa Romeo 2000

    The Alfa Romeo 2000 is a luxury car produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1958 and 1962, as a successor to the 1900 Super. It was replaced ...

  • Alfa Romeo RM Alfa Romeo RM

    The Alfa Romeo RM was produced between 1923 and 1925, based on the RL model. It was introduced for the first time at the 1923 Paris Motor Show and total prod...

  • Alfa Romeo P2 Alfa Romeo P2

    The Alfa Romeo P2 won the inaugural Automobile World Championship in 1925, taking victory in two of the four championship rounds when Antonio Ascari drove it...

  • Alfa Romeo 800 Alfa Romeo 800

    The Alfa Romeo 800 is an Italian heavy truck produced by Alfa Romeo between 1940 and 1947. It was first produced as a military version 800RE and after the wa...

  • Alfa Romeo 90 Alfa Romeo 90

    Designed by Bertone and introduced at the 1984 Turin Motor Show, the 90 was pitched between the Alfa Romeo Giulietta nuova and the Alfa Romeo Alfa 6, both of...

  • Alfa Romeo Tipo 512 Alfa Romeo Tipo 512

    The Alfa Romeo Tipo 512 was intended for replacement for Alfa Romeo 158 Voiturette racing car. Designed by Wifredo Ricart as his second car for Alfa Romeo af...

  • Alfa Romeo 177 Alfa Romeo 177

    The Alfa Romeo 177 was a Formula One car used by the Alfa Romeo team during the 1979 Formula One season, debuting at the 1979 Belgian Grand Prix. The 177 mar...

  • Alfa Romeo 156 Alfa Romeo 156

    The Alfa Romeo 156 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It was introduced at the 1997 Frankfurt Motor Show ...

  • Alfa Romeo Carabo Alfa Romeo Carabo

    The Alfa Romeo Carabo is a concept car first shown at the 1968 Paris Motor Show. It was designed by Marcello Gandini, working for the Bertone design studio. ...

  • Alfa Romeo RL Alfa Romeo RL

    The Alfa Romeo RL was produced between 1922–1927. It was Alfas first sport model after World War I. The car was designed in 1921 by Giuseppe Merosi. It had a...

  • Alfa Romeo 164 Alfa Romeo 164

    The Alfa Romeo 164 is a four-door executive saloon that was manufactured by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 1987 to 1998 and designed by Pininfarina. T...

  • Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale

    The Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale is a mid-engined sports car built by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It is one of the worlds first supercars; it was the fast...

  • Alfa Romeo Arna Alfa Romeo Arna

    The Alfa Romeo Arna is a hatchback produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo Nissan Autoveicoli S.p.A. between 1983 and 1987. The company was founded o...

  • Alfa Romeo 105/115 Series Coupes Alfa Romeo 105/115 Series Coupes

    The Alfa Romeo 105 and 115 series coupes were a range of cars made by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1963 until 1977, based on a shortened floorpan...

  • Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 Alfa Romeo Tipo 33

    The Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 was a sports racing prototype raced by the Alfa Romeo factory-backed team between 1967 and 1977. These cars took part for Sport Cars W...

  • Alfa Romeo Alfa 6 Alfa Romeo Alfa 6

    The Alfa Romeo Alfa 6 is a luxury executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 1979 to 1986. Its name refers to the six cylinders of the A...

  • ALFA 20/30 HP ALFA 20/30 HP

    ALFA or later Alfa Romeo has made three cars named as 20/30 HP, first one 1910 4-cylinder 4-6-seater tourer, improved version 20/30 HP E in 1914 and 1921 the...

  • Alfa Romeo 1900 Alfa Romeo 1900

    The Alfa Romeo 1900 is an automobile produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1950 to 1959. Designed by Orazio Satta, it was an important develop...

  • Alfa Romeo 500 Alfa Romeo 500

    The Alfa Romeo 500 is a 3 tonne class truck, produced by Alfa Romeo from 1937 to 1945. The range included a diesel-powered 75 hp version 500RE, petrol versio...

  • Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina

    The Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina and Alfa Romeo 2000 Berlina were executive cars produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1968 to 1977. Berlina is the...

  • Alfa Romeo Romeo Alfa Romeo Romeo

    The Alfa Romeo was a light commercial, cabover van and pickup truck that was introduced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo in 1954 as the Alfa Romeo Autotut...

  • Alfa Romeo 158/159 Alfetta Alfa Romeo 158/159 Alfetta

    The Alfa Romeo 158/159, also known as the Alfetta, is a Grand Prix racing car produced by Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It is one of the most successful r...

  • Alfa Romeo 33 Alfa Romeo 33

    The Alfa Romeo 33 is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1983 and 1995. From a mechanical standpoint it was essentially a...

  • Alfa Romeo Pomigliano d'Arco plant Alfa Romeo Pomigliano d'Arco plant

    The Alfa Romeo Pomigliano dArco plant, commonly called simply FCA Pomigliano, is an automotive assembly plant now owned by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, officia...

  • Alfa Romeo SZ Alfa Romeo SZ

    The Alfa Romeo SZ or ES-30 is a high-performance limited-production sports car/road-concept car built between 1989 and 1991 by a partnership between Centro S...

  • Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione

    The Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione is a sports car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2007 and 2010. It was first presented as a conc...

  • Alfa Romeo 75 Alfa Romeo 75

    The Alfa Romeo 75, sold in North America as the Milano, is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1985 and 1992. The Al...

  • Alfa Romeo Stelvio Alfa Romeo Stelvio

    The Alfa Romeo Stelvio is a front engine, all wheel drive, five door, compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by the Alfa Romeo subdivision of...

  • Alfa Romeo 145 and 146 Alfa Romeo 145 and 146

    The Alfa Romeo 145 and the Alfa Romeo 146 are small family cars produced by Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo in Pomigliano dArco, Italy between 199...

  • Alfa Romeo MiTo Alfa Romeo MiTo

    The Alfa Romeo MiTo is a front-wheel drive, three-door supermini designed by Centro Stile Alfa Romeo and presented in 2008 at Castello Sforzesco in Milan wit...

  • Alfa Romeo Alfetta Alfa Romeo Alfetta

    The Alfa Romeo Alfetta is a front-engine, five-passenger sedan and fastback coupe manufactured and marketed by Alfa Romeo from 1972-1987 with a production to...

  • Alfa Romeo Giulietta (750/101) Alfa Romeo Giulietta (750/101)

    The Alfa Romeo Giulietta was a family of automobiles made by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1965 which included a 2+2 coupe, four-door salo...

  • Alfa Romeo Giulia Alfa Romeo Giulia

    Alfa Romeo Giulia is the name of three not directly related models by the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. The first is a line of sporty four-door compac...

Alfa Romeo

Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is an Italian luxury car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq, a company that would produce and sell special Darracq models for Italy. In late 1909, the Italian Darracq cars were selling slowly, and the Italian partners of the company hired Giuseppe Merosi to design new cars. On 24 June 1910, a new company was founded named A.L.F.A. on 24 June 1910, in Milan. The brand is known for sporty vehicles and has been involved in car racing since 1911.
The first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Merosi. A.L.F.A. ventured into motor racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24-hp models. In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20–30 HP the first car to be so badged.
In 1921, the Banca Italiana di Sconto, which backed the Ing. Nicola Romeo & Co, went broke and the government needed to support the industrial companies involved, among which was Alfa Romeo, through the "Consorzio per Sovvenzioni sui Valori Industriali". In 1925, the railway activities were separated from the Romeo company, and in 1928, Nicola Romeo left. In 1933, the state ownership was reorganized under the banner of the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale IRI by Benito Mussolinis government, which then had effective control. The company struggled to return to profitability after the Second World War, and turned to mass-producing small vehicles rather than hand-building luxury models. In 1954, it developed the Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine, which would remain in production until 1994. During the 1960s and 1970s, Alfa Romeo produced a number of sporty cars, but struggled to make a profit, so Istituto per la Ricostruzione IRI, the state conglomerate that controls Finmeccanica sold the marque to the Fiat Group in 1986.
Alfa Romeo has competed successfully in Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportscar racing, touring car racing, and rallies. It has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier, via works entries usually under the name Alfa Corse or Autodelta, and private entries. The first racing car was made in 1913, three years after the foundation of the company, and Alfa Romeo won the inaugural world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925. The race victories gave a sporty image to the marque, and Enzo Ferrari founded the Scuderia Ferrari racing team in 1929 as an Alfa Romeo racing team, before becoming independent in 1939. It has had the most wins of any marque in the world.

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1.1. History Name
The companys name is a combination of the original name, "A.L.F.A." "Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", and the last name of entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who took control of the company in 1915.

1.2. History Foundation and early years
The company that became Alfa Romeo was founded as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq SAID in 1906 by the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq, with some Italian investors. One of them, Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan, became chairman of the SAID in 1909. The firms initial location was in Naples, but even before the construction of the planned factory had started, Darracq decided late in 1906 that Milan would be more suitable and accordingly a tract of land was acquired in the Milan suburb of Portello, where a new factory of 6.700 square metres 8.000 sq yd was erected. Late 1909, the Italian Darracq cars were selling slowly and Stella, with the other Italian co-investors, founded a new company named A.L.F.A. Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili, initially still in partnership with Darracq. The first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Giuseppe Merosi, hired in 1909 for designing new cars more suited to the Italian market. Merosi would go on to design a series of new A.L.F.A. cars, with more powerful engines 40–60 HP. A.L.F.A. ventured into motor racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24-hp models. In 1914, an advanced Grand Prix car was designed and built, the GP1914, with a four-cylinder engine, double overhead camshafts, four valves per cylinder, and twin ignition. However, the onset of the First World War halted automobile production at A.L.F.A. for three years.
In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts. Munitions, aircraft engines and other components, compressors, and generators based on the companys existing car engines were produced in a vastly enlarged factory during the war. After the war, Romeo invested his war profits in acquiring locomotive and railway carriage plants in Saronno Costruzioni Meccaniche di Saronno, Rome Officine Meccaniche di Roma, and Naples Officine Ferroviarie Meridionali, which were added to his A.L.F.A. ownership.
Car production had not been considered at first, but resumed in 1919 since parts for the completion of 105 cars had remained at the A.L.F.A. factory since 1915. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20–30 HP the first car to be so badged. Their first success came in 1920 when Giuseppe Campari won at Mugello and continued with second place in the Targa Florio driven by Enzo Ferrari. Giuseppe Merosi continued as head designer, and the company continued to produce solid road cars as well as successful race cars including the 40–60 HP and the RL Targa Florio.
In 1923 Vittorio Jano was lured from Fiat, partly thanks to the persuasion of a young Alfa racing driver named Enzo Ferrari, to replace Merosi as chief designer at Alfa Romeo. The first Alfa Romeo under Jano was the P2 Grand Prix car, which won Alfa Romeo the inaugural world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925. For road cars Jano developed a series of small-to-medium-displacement 4-, 6-, and 8-cylinder inline engines based on the P2 unit that established the architecture of the companys engines, with light alloy construction, hemispherical combustion chambers, centrally located plugs, two rows of overhead valves per cylinder bank and dual overhead cams. Janos designs proved both reliable and powerful.
Enzo Ferrari proved a better team manager than driver, and when the factory team was privatised, it became Scuderia Ferrari. When Ferrari left Alfa Romeo, he went on to build his own cars. Tazio Nuvolari often drove for Alfa, winning many races before the Second World War.
In 1928 Nicola Romeo left, and in 1933 Alfa Romeo was rescued by the government, which then had effective control. Alfa Romeo became an instrument of Mussolinis Italy, a national emblem. During this period it built bespoke vehicles for the wealthy, with bodies normally by Touring of Milan or Pinin Farina. This era peaked with the Alfa Romeo 2900B Type 35 racers.
The Alfa factory converted during wartime to the production of Macchi C.202 Folgore engines: the Daimler-Benz 600 series built under license was bombed during the Second World War, and struggled to return to profitability after the war. The luxury vehicles were out. Smaller, mass-produced vehicles began to be produced beginning with the 1954 model year, with the introduction of the Giulietta series of berline saloons/sedans, coupes and open two-seaters. All three varieties shared what would become the Alfa Romeo overhead Twin Cam four-cylinder engine, initially 1300 cc. This engine would eventually be enlarged to 2000 cc and would remain in production until 1995.
When I see an Alfa Romeo go by, I tip my hat.

1.3. History Post war
Once motor sports resumed after the Second World War, Alfa Romeo proved to be the car to beat in Grand Prix events. The introduction of the new Formula One for single-seat racing cars provided an ideal setting for Alfa Romeos Tipo 158 Alfetta, adapted from a pre-war voiturette, and Giuseppe Farina won the first Formula One World Championship in 1950 in the 158. Juan Manuel Fangio secured Alfas second consecutive championship in 1951.
In 1952, Alfa Romeo experimented with its first front-wheel drive compact car, "Project 13–61". It had the same transverse-mounted, forward-motor layout as the modern front-wheel drive automobile. Alfa Romeo made a second attempt toward the late 1950s based on Project 13–61. It was to be called Tipo 103 and resembled the smaller version of its popular Alfa Romeo Giulia. However, due to the financial difficulties in post-war Italy, the Tipo 103 never saw production. Had Alfa Romeo produced it, it would have preceded the Mini as the first "modern" front-wheel drive compact car. In the mid-fifties, Alfa Romeo entered into an agreement with Brazils Matarazzo Group to create a company called Fabral Fabrica Brasileira de Automoveis Alfa, "the Brazilian Alfa automobile factory" to build the Alfa Romeo 2000 there. After having received government approval, Matarazzo pulled out and under pressure from Brazils President Juscelino Kubitschek the state-owned FNM company instead commenced building the car as the "FNM 2000" there in 1960.
During the 1960s, Alfa Romeo concentrated on competition using production-based cars, including the GTA standing for Gran Turismo Allegerita, an aluminium-bodied version of the Bertone-designed coupe with a powerful twin-plug engine. Among other victories, the GTA won the inaugural Sports Car Club of Americas Trans-Am championship in 1966. In the 1970s, Alfa Romeo concentrated on prototype sports car racing with the Tipo 33, with early victories in 1971. Eventually the Tipo 33TT12 gained the World Championship for Makes for Alfa Romeo in 1975 and the Tipo 33SC12 won the World Championship for Sports Cars in 1977.
As Alfa Romeo was a state-controlled company, they were often subject to political pressure. To help industrialize Italys underdeveloped south, Alfa Romeos new compact car was to be built at a new factory at Pomigliano dArco in Campania. Even the cars name, Alfa Sud Alfa South, reflected where it was built. January 18, 1968, saw a new company named "Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A." being formed, 90% of which belonged to Alfa Romeo and 10% to Governmnet controlled holding company Finmeccanica. This plant was built in the wake of Frances 1968 protests and Italys Hot Autumn and was never "properly started." The employees had mainly construction backgrounds and were not trained for factory work, while industrial relations were troublesome throughout. Absenteeism rates in the Pomigliano factory ran at 16.5 percent through the 1970s.
By the 1970s, Alfa Romeo was again in financial trouble, with the company running at about sixty percent of capacity in 1980. Since Alfa Romeo was controlled by the Italian government-owned Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale IRI, a deal was made where about a quarter of workers salaries were paid through state unemplyment agencies to allow Alfas plants to idle for two weeks every two months. An aging product lineup and very low productivity combined with near-permanent industrial unrest and Italys high inflation rates to keep Alfa Romeo firmly in the red. Other creative measures were attempted to shore up Alfa, including an ultimately unsuccessful joint venture with Nissan endorsed by Alfas then-president, Ettore Massacesi, and Prime Minister Francesco Cossiga. By 1986, IRI was suffering heavy losses, and IRI president Romano Prodi put Alfa Romeo up for sale. Finmeccanica, the mechanical holdings arm of IRI and its predecessors owned Alfa Romeo since 1932. Prodi first approached fellow Italian manufacturer Fiat, which offered to start a joint venture with Alfa.

1.4. History Fiat takeover
Fiat withdrew its plan for a joint venture with Alfa Romeo when Ford put in an offer to acquire part of Alfa Romeo and restructure the company, while increasing its stake over time. However, Fiat chose to put in a bid to acquire the entirety of Alfa Romeo and offer job guarantees to Italian workers, an offer that Ford was unwilling to match. It also did not hurt any of the parties involved that an acquisition by Fiat would keep Alfa Romeo in Italian hands. In 1986, the deal was concluded with Alfa Romeo merged with traditional rival Lancia into Fiats Alfa Lancia Industriale S.p.A. Already in 1981, Alfa Romeos then-President Ettore Massacesi had stated that Alfa would never use Fiat engines, the engines being, to a large extent, Alfa Romeos identity, but would be happy to cooperate fully with everything else.
Models produced from the 1990s combined Alfas traditional virtues of avant-garde styling and sporting panache with the economic benefits of product rationalisation, and include a "GTA" version of the 147 hatchback, the Giugiaro-designed Brera, and a high-performance exotic called the 8C Competizione named after one of Alfas most successful prewar sports and racing cars, the 8C of the 1930s.
In 2005 Maserati was bought back from Ferrari and was now under Fiats full control. The Fiat Group plans to create a sports and luxury division from Maserati and Alfa Romeo. There is a planned strategic relationship between these two; engines, platforms and possibly dealers will be shared in some markets.
In the beginning of 2007, Fiat Auto S.p.A. was reorganized and four new automobile companies were created; Fiat Automobiles S.p.A., Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., Lancia Automobiles S.p.A. and Fiat Light Commercial Vehicles S.p.A. These companies are fully owned by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A from 2007 FCA Italy S.p.A.
On 24 June 2010, Alfa Romeo celebrated 100 years from its foundation.

1.5. History Recent developments
Alfa Romeo has been suffering from falling sales. Some analysts concluded that the automaker suffered large operating losses in the mid-2000s – estimated to be about 15 percent to 20 percent of annual revenues, or about 300 million to 500 million euros a year. In 2010, it sold a total of about 112.000 units, which was significantly lower than Fiat CEO Marchionnes global sales target of 300.000. Alfa then wanted to achieve 170.000 sales in 2011, including 100.000 Giulietta and 60.000 MiTo, but it actually sold 130.000 units that year. Its medium-term target was 500.000 units by 2014 including 85.000 from the North American market. In 2017 Alfa Romeo increased production by 62 percent, building a total of 150.722 vehicles at the companys three factories.

1.6. History Return to North America
Alfa Romeo was imported to the United States by Max Hoffman from the mid-1950s. The Giulietta Spider was born by request of Max Hoffman, who proposed an open version of the Giulietta. In 1961 Alfa Romeo started exporting cars to the United States.
In 1995, Alfa Romeo ceased exporting cars to the United States, the last model sold in that market being the 164 sedans.
Since that time, rumours of a return culminated with a website announcement stating "The long-awaited return of Alfa Romeo to the United States market should take place by 2007, with a range of new models." In fact, Alfa Romeos return to United States was officially confirmed on 5 May 2006 by Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne. North American sales resumed in October 2008, with the launch of the low production 8C Competizione coupe. Also in 2008, Alfa Romeo and Chrysler were reported to be in discussions over the possibility of producing Alfa Romeo cars in some Chrysler manufacturing plants that had shutdown due to the company groups restructure and cost cutting. Instead, as reported by The Wall Street Journal reported in November 2009, Chrysler discontinued several Dodge and Jeep models while phasing in Alfa Romeo ones and the new Fiat 500.
The next significant milestones in Alfa Romeos North American return occurred in 2014, with the launch of the more affordable two-seater 4C coupe. That year, Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. confirmed that its original agreement with Mazda Motor Corporation, for the speculated manufacturing of a new Alfa Romeo Spider based on the Mazda Miata, had been terminated mutually in December 2014 with this joint-ventures Miata-based car, becoming the new 2015 Fiat 124 convertible. In 2015, Alfa Romeos return to this market was further bolstered by the automakers display of the new Giulia at the Los Angeles Auto Show. In February 2017, Chrysler featured its Alfa Romeo brand exclusively in three ads during Super Bowl LI.
Alfa Romeos US importer, FCA US LLC, imports the 4C, Giulia and Stelvio.

2.1. Design and technology Technological development
Alfa Romeo has introduced many technological innovations over the years, and the company has often been among the first users of new technologies. Its trademark double overhead cam engine was used for the first time in the 1914 Grand Prix car, the first road car with such an engine, the 6C 1500 Sport, appeared in 1928.
Alfa Romeo tested one of the very first electric injection systems Caproni-Fuscaldo in the Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 with "Ala spessa" body in 1940 Mille Miglia. The engine had six electrically operated injectors, fed by a semi-high pressure circulating fuel pump system.
1969 models for the North American market had SPICA Società Pompe Iniezione Cassani & Affini, a subsidiary of Alfa Romeo mechanical fuel injection. According to Alfa Romeo engine output and performance were unchanged from the carburetted version. The SPICA system continued until the 1982 model year with the introduction of 2.0 liter Bosch electronic fuel injection. Many examples of SPICA powered Alfas are found still running,
Mechanical variable valve timing was introduced in the Alfa Romeo Spider, sold in the U.S. in 1980. All Alfa Romeo Spider models from 1983 onward used electronic VVT.
The 105 series Giulia was quite an advanced car, using such technologies as all-wheel disc brakes, and a plastic radiator header tank. It had also the lowest drag coefficient Cd in its class The same trend continued with the Alfetta 2000 and GTV, which had such things as 50:50 weight distribution, standard fit alloy wheels and transaxle.
Newer innovations include complete CAD design process used in Alfa Romeo 164, robotised/paddle control transmission Selespeed used in the 156; the 156 was also the worlds first passenger car to use Common rail diesel engine. The Multiair -an electro-hydraulic variable valve actuation technology used in MiTo was introduced in 2009. In 2016 Alfa Romeo Giulia came with electrical brakes.

2.2. Design and technology Body design
Many famous automotive design houses in Italy have accepted commissions to produce concepts and production vehicle shapes for Alfa Romeo. These include:
Centro Stile Alfa Romeo
Pininfarina
Zagato
Giorgetto Giugiaro / Italdesign
Bertone
The last mentioned, the Centro Stile, has rapidly gained international credibility with its work. The 8C Competizione super-coupe, and the MiTo hatchback are the results.
Construction techniques used by Alfa Romeo have become imitated by other car makers, and in this way Alfa Romeo body design has often been very influential. The following is a list of innovations, and where appropriate, examples of imitation by other car manufacturers:
1960s: Aerodynamics: The 116-series Giulia had a very low Cd. Toyota in particular sought to produce a similarly shaped series of vehicles at this time.
1980s: The Alfa Romeo 164: The design process and influence of this car is almost completely out of all proportion to previous Alfa Romeos. The 164 introduced complete CAD/CAM in the manufacturing cycle, with very little directly made by hand in the vehicle. In addition, the 164s styling influence continues into the present day line of modern Alfa Romeos. Most manufacturers incorporated design ideas first expressed in the 164 into their own designs, including greater reliance on on-board computers.
2000s: The Brera and 159: These vehicles design, by Giorgetto Giugiaro, have proven influential in sedan and coupe styling, demonstrating that concept vehicles are often immediately translatable into road car form, providing that initial design takes place using CAD systems.
1990s: The pseudo-coupe: The Alfa Romeo156 and 147, while four-door vehicles, represented themselves as two-doors with prominent front door handles, and less visible rear door-handle flaps. Honda has used this design style in the latest Civic hatchback, and a somewhat similar idea is also seen in the most recent Mazda RX-8 four-seat coupe and Renault Clio V.
1970s: Fairing of bumpers: In order to meet American crash standards, Alfa Romeo formulated design styling techniques to incorporate bumpers into the overall bodywork design of vehicles so as to not ruin their lines. The culmination of this design technique was the 1980s Alfa Romeo 75. The process was widely copied, particularly in Germany and Japan.

2.3. Design and technology Concept cars
Alfa Romeo has made a number of concept cars:
1950s – The B.A.T. cars
The Berlina Aerodinamica Tecnica prototype cars were designed by Bertone as an exercise in determining whether streamlining and wind-tunnel driven designs would result in high performance on a standard chassis, and whether the resulting vehicles would be palatable to public. Alfa 1900 Sprint were the basis of the B.A.T. 5, 7 and 9. The later B.A.T. 11 was based on the 8C Competizione.
1960s and 1970s – Descendants of the Tipo 33
The Tipo 33 racing car, with its high-revving 2000 cc V8 engine became the basis for a number of different concept cars during the 1960s and 1970s, two of which ultimately resulted in production vehicles. Most made their appearances at the Auto Salon Geneve. Here is a brief list:
Gandini/Bertone Montreal Concept 1967 – making its appearance at the 1967 Montreal Expo, this Giulia-based concept resulted in the production Alfa Romeo Montreal road car with a variant of the Tipo 33 V8 engine.
Tipo 33.2 1969- Designed by Pininfarina to the design already known from Ferrari concept car.
Gandini/Bertone Carabo 1968 – Marcello Gandini expressed ideas that would come to fruition in the Lamborghini Countach.
Bertone/Giugiaro Navajo 1976- A fully fibreglassed vehicle, and in some ways the epitome of Giugiaros Origami style of flat planes.
1980s-today – Modern ideas
In general, concept cars for Alfa Romeo have generally become production vehicles, after some modification to make them suitable for manufacture, and to provide driver and passenger safety. The Zagato SZ, GTV and Spider, Brera and 159 are all good examples of Alfa Romeos stylistic commitment in this direction.

3.1. Logos Original logo
Alfa Romeos logo incorporates two heraldic devices traditionally associated with its birthplace, the city of Milan: a red cross, from the emblem of Milan, and the biscione, a big grass snake swallowing a child - emblem of the House of Visconti, rulers of the city in the 14th century.
The logo was originally designed in 1910 by a young Italian draughtsman from the A.L.F.A technical office, Romano Cattaneo.

3.2. Logos Origin
In June 1910 the Società Anonima Darracq became Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili, and was readying its first model, the 24 HP. The board asked chief engineer Giuseppe Merosi to devise a badge for the radiator shell of the new car; Merosi turned to his collaborators. One of them, Cattaneo, was inspired by the coat of arms he had seen on the gates of Castello Sforzesco to include the biscione in the logo. Merosi liked the idea, and together with Cattaneo came up with a sketch, then approved by managing director Ugo Stella; Cattaneo was entrusted with doing the final design.
The original badge was round, of enamelled brass, measuring 65 mm 2.6 in diameter, and carried already all the present day accoutrements: the red cross on a white field of Milan on the left, a green biscione on a light blue field on the right, all surrounded by a blue ring inscribed with the words "ALFA" at the top and "MILANO" at the bottom. In honour of the King of Italy, the two words were separated by two figure-eight knots - named Savoy knots in Italian, and symbols of the then-reigning House of Savoy. Originally solid brass, the lettering was changed to white enamel in 1913. In 1918, after the company had been bought by Nicola Romeo, the wording "ALFA" was replaced with "ALFA-ROMEO".
In 1925, to commemorate the victory of the Alfa Romeo P2 in the inaugural World Manufacturers Championship of 1925, a silver metal laurel wreath was added around the badge, used in varying form until 1982. The addition of the wreath had enlarged the badge to 75 mm 3.0 in diameter; in 1930 it was reduced back to 60 mm 2.4 in.

3.3. Logos Post-war evolution
In 1946, after the abolition of the monarchy and proclamation of the Italian Republic, the figure-eight knots of the Savoy were replaced with two curvy lines. Concurrently the badge was completely redesigned, and further reduced in size to 54 mm 2.1 in, a diameter unchanged ever since. Made of stamped steel, the new badge bore the traditional elements - the scripts, the cross, a newly stylized biscione and a thin laurel wreath - embossed in antique silver, over a uniform Alfa Red background, which had replaced the blue, white and light blue fields. This red-and-metal badge was used until 1950, when the company switched back to a traditionally enamelled and coloured one; in 1960 the badge was changed from brass to plastic, without substantial differences in design.
At the beginning of the 1970s the all-new Alfa Romeo Pomigliano dArco plant near Naples was completed. When in 1972 the Alfasud produced there became the first Alfa Romeo passenger car manufactured outside Milan, the word "Milano", the curved lines and the hyphen between "Alfa" and "Romeo" were eliminated from the badge on all Alfa Romeos. At the same time it was redesigned, most notably acquiring a modernised biscione and type face.
After a mild restyling in 1982, which deleted the wreath and changed lettering and all chrome details to gold, this iteration of the badge remained in use until 2015.

3.4. Logos 2015 redesign
On 24 June 2015, 105th anniversary of the company, a new logo was unveiled at a press event at the Alfa Romeo Museum; together with the Alfa Romeo Giulia as part of the brands relaunch plan. The redesign was carried out by Robilant Associati, who had previously reworked several other Fiat Group logos - including Fiat Automobiles and Lancias.
The logo colors have been reduced from four to three: the green of the biscione, the red of the cross, and the dark blue of the surrounding ring. Other changes are a new serif type face, and the absence of the split white and light blue fields, replaced by a single silver textured background.

3.5. Logos The Quadrifoglio logo
Since 1923, the quadrifoglio logo also called the cloverleaf has been the symbol of Alfa Romeo racing cars and since WWII, it has also been used to designate the higher trim models of the range. The quadrifoglio is usually placed on the side panels of the car, above or behind the front wheels - on the front wings in the case of modern vehicles. The logo consists of a green cloverleaf with four leaves, contained with a white triangle.

3.6. Logos History of the emblem
The quadrifoglio has been used on Alfa Romeo cars since the death of Ugo Sivocci in 1923. As a friend of Enzo Ferrari, Sivocci was hired by Alfa Romeo in 1920 to drive in the four-man works team - Alfa Corse - with Antonio Ascari, Giuseppe Campari, and Enzo Ferrari. Sivocci was thought to have enormous experience, but often hampered by bad luck and considered the eternal second-placer. To banish his bad luck, when the Targa Florio came around, the driver painted a white square with a green four-leaf clover the quadrifoglio in the centre of the grille of his car. Sivocci had immediate success, crossing the finish line first. The quadrifoglio subsequently became the symbol of the racing Alfa Romeos with the victory at the Targa Florio. Almost as if to prove the magic effects of this symbol, Sivocci was killed while testing Merosis new P1 at Monza, a few months after winning the Targa Florio. The Salerno drivers P1, which went off the track on a bend, did not have the quadrifoglio. Since this period in 1923, the bodies of Alfa Romeo racing cars have been adorned with the quadrifoglio as a lucky charm. The white square was replaced with a triangle in memory of Ugo Sivocci.

3.7. Logos Modern usage
The first road car to bear the quadrifoglio was the 1963 Alfa Romeo Giulia TI Super, a variant of the Giulia saloon car devised for competition but put regularly on sale; it had green four-leaf clovers on its front wings, without the triangle. In the 1970s "Quadrifoglio Verde" or "Green Cloverleaf" became the trim level for each models sportiest variant, equipped with the most powerful engine. The Alfasud, Sprint, 33, 75, 164 and 145 all had Quadrifoglio Verde versions. Also in the 1970s and through the 1980s golden four-leaf clover badges were used to denote the most luxurious and well-equipped variants of Alfa Romeo cars, named "Quadrifoglio Oro" or "Gold Cloverleaf". The Alfasud, Alfetta, Alfa 6, 90 and 33 had Quadrifoglio Oro versions. In recent times the quadrifoglio was revived on the 2007 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione and Spider eight-cylinder sports cars. With the current Alfa Romeo MiTo and Giulietta the Quadrifoglio Verde was reinstated as the sportiest trim level in the range, and green four-leaf clovers on the front wings are once again the hallmark of high-performance Alfa Romeos. Alfa Romeos 2016 sport sedan, the all-new Giulia, will be launched first in Quadrifoglio trim before the release of the base models. Starting with the high-end model wearing that historic signature emblem, Alfa Romeo strives to reconquer the North American market after decades of absence.

4. Motorsport
Alfa Romeo has been involved with motor racing since 1911, when it entered two 24 HP models on Targa Florio competition. In the 1920s Alfa Romeo win the first World Manufacturers Championship in 1925 and the first AIACR European Championship in 1931 and it scored wins at many races and motoring events such as Targa Florio, Mille Miglia and Le Mans. Great success continued with Formula One,because Alfa Rome won the first World Formula One Championship in 1950 and won the second Formula One Championship in 1951 where won all the race edition in 1950 and in 1951.Alfa Romeo won international championship in Prototypes, Touring and Fast Touring. Private drivers also entered some rally competitions, with good results. Alfa Romeo has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier, via works entries Alfa Corse, Autodelta and private entries. Alfa Romeos factory racing team was outsourced to Enzo Ferraris Scuderia Ferrari between 1933 and 1938. Drivers included Tazio Nuvolari, who won the 1935 German Grand Prix at the Nurburgring.
Alfa Romeo have been in a technical partnership with the Sauber F1 Team since 2018 and are competing in the 2020 Formula One World Championship as Alfa Romeo Racing.
Alfa Romeo has won 5 FIA European Formula 3 Championship and 5 FIA European Formula 3 Cup with the support from the Alfa Romeo Stable Euroracing who created motor for the Formula 3 championship, and with the support of italian motor company Novamotor which work in the Formula 3 competition

5. Production
According to the late Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne, in order to reap economies of scale, all new Alfa Romeo models will be made from the same basic platform. Even Maserati will share components with some Alfas.
During the 1990s, Alfa Romeo moved car production to other districts in Italy. The Pomigliano d’Arco plant produced the 155, followed by the 145 and the 146, while the Arese plant manufactured the 164 and new Spider and GTV. The 156 was launched in 1997, and became quite successful for Alfa Romeo; in 1998 it was voted "Car of the Year". The same year a new flagship, the 166 assembled in Rivalta, near Turin was launched. At the beginning of the third millennium, the 147 was released, which won the prestigious title of "Car of the Year 2001". In 2003 the Arese factory was closed.
The Arese factory today hosts almost nothing and is nearly abandoned. What remains are some offices and the Alfa Romeo Historical Museum, a must-see for Alfa Romeo fans.
In the 1960s, the main Alfa Romeo seat was moved from inside Milan to a very large and nearby area extending over the municipalities of Arese, Lainate and Garbagnate Milanese. However, since then the Alfa seat is known to be in Arese, since the offices and the main entrance of the area are there.
In the late 1960s, a number of European automobile manufacturers established facilities in South Africa to assemble right hand drive vehicles. Fiat and other Italian manufacturers established factories along with these other manufacturers, Alfa-Romeos were assembled in Brits, outside Pretoria in the Transvaal Province of South Africa. With the imposition of sanctions by Western powers in the 1970s and 1980s, South Africa became self-sufficient, and in car production came to rely more and more on the products from local factories. This led to a remarkable set of circumstances where between 1972 and 1989, South Africa had the greatest number of Alfa Romeos on the road outside of Italy. Even stranger, Alfa Romeos Brits plant was used from March 1983 until 1985 to build Daihatsu Charades for local consumption, but also for export to Italy in order to skirt Italian limits on Japanese imports.
In late 1985, with the impending Fiat takeover and an international boycott of the South African Apartheid government, Alfa Romeo withdrew from the market and closed the plant. Tons of valuable parts were then bulldozed into the ground to escape paying import duties.

6.1. Automobiles Current models Alfa Romeo Giulietta
The Giulietta is a five-door, small family car officially revealed at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. It replaced the 147.
Alfa Romeo 4C
The 4C is a small, lightweight rear wheel drive two seater coupe sports car. The car was revealed as concept car at the 81st Geneva Motor Show in 2011. The production version was launched to the European market at the 83rd Geneva Motor show in 2013 and was launched to the American market at the Los Angeles Motor show at the end of November 2013.
Alfa Romeo Giulia
The new generation Giulia was unveiled to the press at the Museo Storico Alfa Romeo in Arese, on 24 June 2015. This coincided with the companys 105th anniversary and saw the introduction of a revised logo. Sales were about 34.000 examples per year 2018, then fell to 20.000 per year 2019.
Alfa Romeo Stelvio
The Stelvio was unveiled at the 2016 Los Angeles Auto Show. The Stelvio is Alfa Romeos first production SUV that competes in the same category as the Porsche Macan, Jaguar F-Pace, Audi Q5, Mercedes-Benz GLC and BMW X3. It is current top Alfa sales with less than 40.000 examples per year 2019.

6.2. Automobiles Carabinieri and Italian government
In the 1960s Alfa Romeo became famous for its small cars and models specifically designed for the Italian police and Carabinieri; among them the "Giulia Super" and the 2600 Sprint GT. The colours of the Alfa Romeos used by the Polizia were/are green/blue with white stripes and writing, known as "Pantera" Panther, enhancing the aggressive look of the Alfa particularly the Giulia series, while the Carabinieri Alfas are dark blue with white roofs and red stripes, known as the "Gazzella" Gazelle denoting the speed and agility of these "Pattuglie" patrol cars. However, the term "Pantera" became used interchangeably and the image helped create a no-nonsense, determined and respected perception by the general public of the men that drove these cars, true to their history.
Since then, Alfas remain the chosen mount of the Carabinieri arm of the Italian armed forces seconded only partly for civilian policing purposes, Polizia Autostradale highway police, Guardia di Finanza fiscal law enforcement and the conventional police service Polizia. Successively, the following Alfa Romeo Berlinas have found favour for Italian police and government employment
Alfa Romeo AR51 Alfa Romeo Giulia Alfa Romeo Alfetta Alfa Romeo Giulietta Alfa Romeo 33 Polizia di Stato only Alfa Romeo 75 Alfa Romeo 164 official vehicles Alfa Romeo 155 Alfa Romeo 156 Alfa Romeo 166 official vehicles Alfa Romeo 159 Alfa Romeo Giulia
Since the 1960s, the Italian Prime Minister has used Alfa Romeos and lately the new Maserati Quattroporte as preferred government limousines. The 164 and 166 have found particular employment in the last two decades.

6.3. Automobiles Trucks and light commercial vehicles
In 1930 Alfa Romeo presented a light truck in addition to heavy LCVs based on Bussing constructions. In the Second World War Alfa Romeo also built trucks for the Italian army "35 tons anywhere" and later also for the German Wehrmacht. After the war, commercial motor vehicle production was resumed.
In co-operation with FIAT and Saviem starting from the 1960s different light truck models were developed.
The production of heavy LCVs in Italy was terminated in 1967. Heavy trucks continued to be built for a few years in Brazil by Alfa Romeo subsidiary Fabrica Nacional de Motores under the name FNM. The last Alfa Romeo vans were the Alfa Romeo AR6 and AR8, rebadged versions of Iveco Daily and Fiat Ducato. The company also produced trolleybuses for many systems in Italy, Latin America, Sweden, Greece, Germany, Turkey and South Africa. Later, Alfa Romeo concentrated only on passenger car manufacturing.
LCVs
Alfa Romeo 2 until 1966
Alfa Romeo 1954–1958
Alfa Romeo A11/F11 1954–1983
Alfa Romeo F20 Saviem license
Alfa Romeo 3 1966
Alfa Romeo A12/F12
AR6 based on first generation Fiat Ducato
AR8 based on first generation Iveco Daily
Trucks
Alfa Romeo A19 Saviem license
Alfa Romeo A38 Saviem license
Alfa Romeo 450/455 1947–1959
Alfa Romeo 800 1940–1943
Alfa Romeo Mille Alfa Romeo 1000 1958–1964
Alfa Romeo 85 / 110 1934 – n/a
Alfa Romeo 430 1942–1950
Alfa Romeo A15 Saviem license
Alfa Romeo 500 1937–1945
Alfa Romeo 50 "Biscione" Bussing-NAG 50/ 80 1931–1934
Alfa Romeo 350 1935 – n/a
Alfa Romeo 900 1947–1954
Alfa Romeo 950 1954–1958
Buses
Alfa Romeo 950A
Alfa Romeo 902A 1957–1959
Alfa Romeo 500A 1945–1948
Alfa Romeo 800A
Alfa Romeo 140A 1950–1958
Alfa Romeo 40A
Alfa Romeo 85A
Alfa Romeo 150A 1958
Alfa Romeo 80A
Alfa Romeo 900A 1953–1956
Alfa Romeo 430A 1949–1953
Alfa Romeo 110A
Alfa Romeo Mille bus Alfa Romeo 1000 1960–1964
Trolleybuses
Alfa Romeo Mille AF Alfa Romeo 1000 1959–1964
Alfa Romeo 140AF 1949
Alfa Romeo 110AF 1938
Alfa Romeo 900AF 1955–1957
Alfa Romeo 800AF 1950–1954

6.4. Automobiles Concepts
Design has always played a large role in the history of Alfa Romeo. There have been many Alfa Romeo concept cars, often made by famous design houses and designers. The BAT series of concepts from the 1950s was a collaboration with the Italian design house Bertone. Other famous Italian coachbuilders and design houses like Pininfarina, Bertone, Zagato and ItalDesign-Giugiaro have also played a great role in Alfa Romeos history, and even today some of models are designed and constructed by them.

7. Other production
Although Alfa Romeo is best known as automobile manufacturer it has also produced commercial vehicles of various size, railway locomotives, tractors, buses, trams, compressors, generators, an electric cooker, marine and aircraft engines.

7.1. Other production Aircraft engines
An Alfa engine was first used on an aircraft in 1910 on the Santoni-Franchini biplane. In 1932 Alfa Romeo built its first real aircraft engine, the D2 240 bhp, fitted to Caproni 101 D2. In the 1930s when Alfa Romeo engines were used for aircraft on a larger scale; the Savoia Marchetti SM.74, Savoia-Marchetti SM.75, Savoia-Marchetti SM.79, Savoia Marchetti SM.81 and Cant Z506B Airone all used Alfa Romeo manufactured engines. In 1931, a competition was arranged where Tazio Nuvolari drove his Alfa Romeo 8C 3000 Monza against a Caproni Ca.100 airplane. Alfa Romeo built various aircraft engines during the Second World War; the best known was the RA.1000 RC 41-I Monsone, a licensed version of the Daimler-Benz DB 601. This engine made it possible to build efficient fighter aircraft like the Macchi C.202 Folgore for the Italian army. After the Second World War Alfa Romeo produced engines for Fiat, Aerfer and Ambrosini. In the 1960s Alfa Romeo mainly focused upgrading and maintaining Curtiss-Wright, Pratt & Whitney, Rolls-Royce and General Electric aircraft engines. Alfa Romeo also built Italys first turbine engine, installed to the Beechcraft King Air. Alfa Romeos Avio division was sold to Aeritalia in 1988, from 1996 it was part of Fiat Avio. Alfa Avio was also part of developing team to the new T700-T6E1 engine to the NHI NH90 helicopter.

7.2. Other production Marine engines
Alfa Romeo also produced marine engines. The first marine engine was produced in 1929. Later, for three consecutive years: 1937-1938-1939 with remarkable affirmations, Alfa Romeo demonstrated its constructive efficiency by contributing to the development of marine engines.
1938 12 cyl 4.500 121.710 km/h

7.3. Other production Aero-engines
Alfa Romeo 125
Alfa Romeo 135
Alfa Romeo 128
Alfa Romeo R.C.34
Alfa Romeo 110
Alfa Romeo R.C.35
Alfa Romeo AR.318
Alfa Romeo R.C.10
Alfa Romeo RA-1050
Alfa Romeo Lynx
Alfa Romeo D2
Alfa Romeo Mercurius
Alfa Romeo 115
Alfa Romeo 121
Alfa Romeo 126
Alfa Romeo RA.1000

8. Marketing and sponsorship
During the years Alfa Romeo has been marketed with different slogans like: "The family car that wins races" used in the 1950s in Alfa Romeo 1900 marketing campaign, "racing since 1911" used on most 1960s Alfa advertisements, In the 1970s the Alfa Romeo 1750 GTV was marketed as "if this kind of handling is good enough for our racing cars, its good enough for you." The Giulia Sprint GTA was marketed as "The car you drive to work is a champion". More recent slogans used are "Mediocrity is a sin", "Driven by Passion", "Cuore Sportivo", "Beauty is not enough" and present day "Without heart we would be mere machines". Also other more recent ones are: "Its not a car, its an Alfa Romeo.", one of them after a couple argue in Italian.
As part of its marketing policy, Alfa Romeo sponsors a number of sporting events, such as the Mille Miglia rally. It has sponsored the SBK Superbike World Championship and Ducati Corse since 2007, and the Goodwood Festival of Speed for many years, and was one of the featured brands in 2010 when Alfa Romeo celebrated its 100th anniversary. The Alfa Romeo Giulietta has been used since Monza 2010 race as the safety car in Superbike World Championship events. Alfa Romeo has been also shirt sponsor of Eintracht Frankfurt football club in period between 2013 and 2016.
In 2002, Alfa Romeo I, the first Alfa Romeo super maxi yacht was launched. It finished first in at least 74 races including the 2002 Sydney - Hobart Race. Alfa Romeo II, commissioned in 2005, measures 30 metres 98 ft LOA. It set a new elapsed-time record for monohulls in the 2009 Transpac race, of 5 days, 14 hours, 36 minutes, 20 seconds It finished first in at least 140 races. In mid-2008 Alfa Romeo III was launched for competitive fleet racing under the IRC rule. Alfa Romeo III measures 21.4 metres 70 ft LOA and features interior design styled after the Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione.
The BBC motoring show Top Gear repeatedly argued the significance of owning an Alfa Romeo car as a car enthusiast, stating that "You cant be a true petrolhead if you have never owned/or wanted to own an Alfa Romeo". Presenters Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May continuously praised Alfas for their beauty and driving characteristics even though Italian cars had a long-term bad reputation for unreliability. They argued that you the owner build a personal relationship with the car despite all of its mechanical faults. Both Clarkson and May have previously owned Alfas a GTV6 for Clarkson and an Alfa 164 for May and both have stated that they regretted selling their Alfas the most.
As part of its U.S. relaunch, Alfa Romeo ran three commercials during Super Bowl LI; the brand was the sole marque advertised by FCA during the game, after exclusively focusing on its Jeep brand at Super Bowl 50.
In February 2013, Alfa Romeo sponsored University of St Andrews FS fashion show which saw luxury fashion designer Luke Archer and milliner George Jenkins win with their Alfa Romeo inspired garments.

  • The Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 was a sports racing prototype raced by the Alfa Romeo factory - backed team between 1967 and 1977. These cars took part for Sport
  • Italian motor manufacturer Alfa Romeo has participated many times in Formula One. It currently participates as Alfa Romeo Racing Orlen while being operated
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  • The Alfa Romeo MiTo Type 955 is a front - wheel drive, three - door supermini designed by Centro Stile Alfa Romeo and presented in 2008 at Castello Sforzesco
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  • by the Italian Alfa Romeo company. Registro Internazionale Touring Superleggera Retrieved November 11, 2012. 1955 BERTONE ALFA ROMEO GIULIETTA SPIDER
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  • The Alfa Romeo 8C was originally a range of Alfa Romeo road, race and sports cars of the 1930s. In 2004 Alfa Romeo revived the 8C name for a V8 - engined
  • The Alfa Romeo Giulietta Tipo 116, Italian for Type 116 is a small executive saloon car manufactured by Italian car maker Alfa Romeo from 1977 to 1985
  • The Alfa Romeo 166 Type 936 is an executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between October 1996 and June 2007. The car was designed
  • The Alfa Romeo 75 Tipo 161, 162B sold in North America as the Milano, is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between
  • During its history, Alfa Romeo has competed successfully in many different categories of motorsport, including Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportscar

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Alfa Romeo Giulia

Alfa Romeo Giulia is the name of three not directly related models by the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. The first is a line of sporty four-door compac...

Alfa Romeo Giulietta (750/101)

The Alfa Romeo Giulietta was a family of automobiles made by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1965 which included a 2+2 coupe, four-door salo...

Alfa Romeo Alfetta

The Alfa Romeo Alfetta is a front-engine, five-passenger sedan and fastback coupe manufactured and marketed by Alfa Romeo from 1972-1987 with a production to...

Alfa Romeo MiTo

The Alfa Romeo MiTo is a front-wheel drive, three-door supermini designed by Centro Stile Alfa Romeo and presented in 2008 at Castello Sforzesco in Milan wit...

Alfa Romeo 145 and 146

The Alfa Romeo 145 and the Alfa Romeo 146 are small family cars produced by Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo in Pomigliano dArco, Italy between 199...

Alfa Romeo Stelvio

The Alfa Romeo Stelvio is a front engine, all wheel drive, five door, compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by the Alfa Romeo subdivision of...

Alfa Romeo 75

The Alfa Romeo 75, sold in North America as the Milano, is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1985 and 1992. The Al...

Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione

The Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione is a sports car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2007 and 2010. It was first presented as a conc...

Alfa Romeo SZ

The Alfa Romeo SZ or ES-30 is a high-performance limited-production sports car/road-concept car built between 1989 and 1991 by a partnership between Centro S...

Alfa Romeo Pomigliano d'Arco plant

The Alfa Romeo Pomigliano dArco plant, commonly called simply FCA Pomigliano, is an automotive assembly plant now owned by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, officia...

Alfa Romeo 33

The Alfa Romeo 33 is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1983 and 1995. From a mechanical standpoint it was essentially a...

Alfa Romeo 158/159 Alfetta

The Alfa Romeo 158/159, also known as the Alfetta, is a Grand Prix racing car produced by Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It is one of the most successful r...

Alfa Romeo Romeo

The Alfa Romeo was a light commercial, cabover van and pickup truck that was introduced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo in 1954 as the Alfa Romeo Autotut...

Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina

The Alfa Romeo 1750 Berlina and Alfa Romeo 2000 Berlina were executive cars produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1968 to 1977. Berlina is the...

Alfa Romeo 500

The Alfa Romeo 500 is a 3 tonne class truck, produced by Alfa Romeo from 1937 to 1945. The range included a diesel-powered 75 hp version 500RE, petrol versio...

Alfa Romeo 1900

The Alfa Romeo 1900 is an automobile produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1950 to 1959. Designed by Orazio Satta, it was an important develop...

ALFA 20/30 HP

ALFA or later Alfa Romeo has made three cars named as 20/30 HP, first one 1910 4-cylinder 4-6-seater tourer, improved version 20/30 HP E in 1914 and 1921 the...

Alfa Romeo Alfa 6

The Alfa Romeo Alfa 6 is a luxury executive car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 1979 to 1986. Its name refers to the six cylinders of the A...

Alfa Romeo Tipo 33

The Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 was a sports racing prototype raced by the Alfa Romeo factory-backed team between 1967 and 1977. These cars took part for Sport Cars W...

Alfa Romeo 105/115 Series Coupes

The Alfa Romeo 105 and 115 series coupes were a range of cars made by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1963 until 1977, based on a shortened floorpan...

Alfa Romeo Arna

The Alfa Romeo Arna is a hatchback produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo Nissan Autoveicoli S.p.A. between 1983 and 1987. The company was founded o...

Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale

The Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale is a mid-engined sports car built by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It is one of the worlds first supercars; it was the fast...

Alfa Romeo 164

The Alfa Romeo 164 is a four-door executive saloon that was manufactured by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 1987 to 1998 and designed by Pininfarina. T...

Alfa Romeo RL

The Alfa Romeo RL was produced between 1922–1927. It was Alfas first sport model after World War I. The car was designed in 1921 by Giuseppe Merosi. It had a...

Alfa Romeo Carabo

The Alfa Romeo Carabo is a concept car first shown at the 1968 Paris Motor Show. It was designed by Marcello Gandini, working for the Bertone design studio. ...

Alfa Romeo Mille (truck)

The Alfa Romeo Mille is an eight-ton forward control lorry produced by Alfa Romeo between 1958 and 1964. It was the last Alfa Romeo heavy commercial vehicle....

Alfa Romeo 156

The Alfa Romeo 156 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It was introduced at the 1997 Frankfurt Motor Show ...

Alfa Romeo 177

The Alfa Romeo 177 was a Formula One car used by the Alfa Romeo team during the 1979 Formula One season, debuting at the 1979 Belgian Grand Prix. The 177 mar...

Alfa Romeo Tipo 512

The Alfa Romeo Tipo 512 was intended for replacement for Alfa Romeo 158 Voiturette racing car. Designed by Wifredo Ricart as his second car for Alfa Romeo af...

Alfa Romeo 90

Designed by Bertone and introduced at the 1984 Turin Motor Show, the 90 was pitched between the Alfa Romeo Giulietta nuova and the Alfa Romeo Alfa 6, both of...

Alfa Romeo 800

The Alfa Romeo 800 is an Italian heavy truck produced by Alfa Romeo between 1940 and 1947. It was first produced as a military version 800RE and after the wa...

Alfa Romeo Tipo 312

The Alfa Romeo Tipo 312, 312 or 12C-312 was a 3-litre formula racing car that was used in the 1938 Grand Prix season; drivers were Raymond Sommer, Giuseppe F...

Alfa Romeo P2

The Alfa Romeo P2 won the inaugural Automobile World Championship in 1925, taking victory in two of the four championship rounds when Antonio Ascari drove it...

Alfa Romeo RM

The Alfa Romeo RM was produced between 1923 and 1925, based on the RL model. It was introduced for the first time at the 1923 Paris Motor Show and total prod...

Alfa Romeo 2000

The Alfa Romeo 2000 is a luxury car produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1958 and 1962, as a successor to the 1900 Super. It was replaced ...

Alfa Romeo 430

The Alfa Romeo 430 is a 5-ton truck produced by Alfa Romeo between 1942 and 1950. It started as military project based on the larger Alfa Romeo 800 truck. So...

Alfa Romeo 85

Three versions were available: 85 5.2 meters, 85 C 4.6 meters and 85 G was gas generator version was produced since 1935. There was also bus version 85 A, re...

Alfa Romeo 159

The Alfa Romeo 159 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2004 and 2011. It was introduced at the 2005 Geneva Mot...

Alfa Romeo P1

Alfa Romeo Tipo P1 was the first Grand Prix car made by Alfa Romeo in 1923. The car had a 2.0 L straight-6 engine and it produced 95 bhp at 5000 rpms. Three ...

Alfa Romeo 4C

The Alfa Romeo 4C is a mid-engined, lightweight, rear-wheel drive sports car. Available in coupe and spider body style, it uses a carbon fiber tub, front and...

Alfa Romeo Proteo

The Alfa Romeo Proteo concept car was released at the Geneva Motor Show in 1991. It is a 2-door coupe cabriolet featuring a 3.0 liter quad-cam 24-valve, 60 d...

Alfa Romeo Sprint

The Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint is a boxer-engined coupe produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1976 to 1989, and based on the Alfa Romeo Alfasud...

Alfa Romeo Tipo 316

Alfa Romeo Tipo 316, 316 or 16C-316 Grand prix car was used in Grand Prix seasons 1938 and 1939, when it was driven by Giuseppe Farina and Clemente Biondetti...

Alfa Romeo BAT

The Alfa Romeo BAT is an Italian concept car. The car originated from a joint collaboration project between Alfa Romeo and the Italian design house Bertone t...

Alfa Romeo Montreal

The Alfa Romeo Montreal was introduced as a concept car in 1967 at Expo 67, held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Originally, the concept cars were displayed wit...

Alfa Romeo Alfasud

The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a small family car, manufactured from 1971 to 1989 by Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A of Ita...

Alfa Romeo 350

Alfa Romeo 350 is a medium Italian truck produced by Alfa Romeo in its Portello Plant. It was made after the 85 and 110 proved to be too heavy and expensive.

Alfa Romeo Diva

The Alfa Romeo Diva is a concept car of the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo. The car was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 2006. The car was...

Alfa Romeo GT

The Alfa Romeo GT is a coupe automobile that was produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 2003 and 2010. The GT was introduced in March 2003 at t...

Alfa Romeo G1

The Alfa Romeo G1 was an Italian automobile. It was the first all-new design from Alfa Romeo after the end of the A.L.F.A. brand. It was designed by A.L.F.A....

Alfa Romeo 12C

The Alfa Romeo 12C or Tipo C was a 12-cylinder Grand Prix car. The 12C-36 made its debut in Tripoli Grand Prix 1936, and the 12C-37 in Coppa Acerbo 1937. The...

Alfa Romeo 6C

The Alfa Romeo 6C name was used on road, race, and sports cars produced between 1927 and 1954 by Alfa Romeo; the "6C" name refers to the six cylinders of the...

Alfa Romeo Disco Volante

The Alfa Romeo 1900 C52 "Disco Volante", commonly known simply as Alfa Romeo Disco Volante, is a series of experimental sports racing cars produced between 1...

Alfa Romeo Brera and Spider

The Alfa Romeo Brera and the Alfa Romeo Spider are mid-size sports cars using the GM/Fiat Premium platform, manufactured by Pininfarina and marketed by Alfa ...

Alfa Romeo in motorsport

During its history, Alfa Romeo has competed successfully in many different categories of motorsport, including Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportsca...

Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote

The Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote is a two-seater roadster made between 1965 and 1967 by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo and the coachbuilder Zagato...

Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine

The Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine is an all-alloy inline-four engine series produced by Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1994. In Italian it is known as the "bialbero", ...

Alfa Romeo V6 engine

The Alfa Romeo V6 engine was a 60° V6 engine made by Alfa Romeo from 1979 to 2005. It was developed in the early 1970s by Giuseppe Busso, and used on the Alf...

Alfa Romeo Boxer engine

The Alfa Romeo Boxer engine was a water-cooled flat-4 piston engine developed by Alfa Romeo for front-wheel drive, longitudinal applications. It debuted on t...

Alfa Romeo Twin Spark engine

Alfa Romeo Twin Spark technology was used for the first time in the Alfa Romeo Grand Prix car in 1914. In the early 1960s it was used in their race cars to e...

Alfa Romeo 179

The Alfa Romeo 179 is a Formula One car which was used by the Alfa Romeo team from 1979 to 1982. The 179 made its debut at the 1979 Italian Grand Prix, repla...

Alfa Romeo 147

The Alfa Romeo 147 is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 2000 to 2010. The 147 was voted European Car of the Year in 2001. ...

Alfa Romeo Arese Plant

The Alfa Romeo Arese Plant was a plant area where Alfa Romeo had its head office for more than two decades prior to 1986. After Fiat Group purchased Alfa Rom...

Alfa Romeo 155

The Alfa Romeo 155 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1992 and 1997. It was released in January 1992 in Barce...