Топ-100
  • Volkswagen CrossBlue Volkswagen CrossBlue

    The Volkswagen CrossBlue is a concept diesel plug-in-hybrid mid size crossover SUV, intended to sit in the range of SUVs by Volkswagen, below the Volkswagen ...

  • Volkswagen Iltis Volkswagen Iltis

    The Volkswagen Type 183, more commonly known as the Iltis, is a military vehicle built by Volkswagen for use by the German military. The Iltis was also built...

  • Volkswagen 181 Volkswagen 181

    The Volkswagen Type 181 is a two-wheel drive, four-door, convertible, manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1968 to 1983. Originally developed for the...

  • Volkswagen Microbus/Bulli concept vehicles Volkswagen Microbus/Bulli concept vehicles

    The Volkswagen Microbus/Bulli concept vehicles are a series of concept cars that are styled to recall the original Volkswagen Microbus built by Volkswagen AG...

  • Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles

    Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles is a German marque of light commercial vehicles, owned by Volkswagen Group. It is headquartered in Hannover, Lower Saxony, Ger...

  • Volkswagen LT Volkswagen LT

    The Volkswagen LT was the largest light commercial panel van produced by Volkswagen from 1975 to 2006. Two generations were produced.

  • Volkswagen Kubelwagen Volkswagen Kubelwagen

    The Volkswagen Kubelwagen, was a light military vehicle designed by Ferdinand Porsche and built by Volkswagen during World War II for use by the German milit...

  • Volkswagen 1-litre car Volkswagen 1-litre car

    The Volkswagen XL1 is a two-person limited production diesel-powered plug-in hybrid produced by Volkswagen. The XL1 car was designed to be able to travel 100...

  • Volkswagen Caddy Volkswagen Caddy

    The Volkswagen Caddy is a leisure activity vehicle produced by the Volkswagen Group since 1980. It is sold in Europe and in other markets around the world. T...

  • Volkswagen Eos Volkswagen Eos

    The Volkswagen Eos is a sport compact cabriolet coupe produced by the German automaker Volkswagen from 2006 to 2016. Assembled at AutoEuropa in Portugal, it ...

  • Volkswagen Arteon Volkswagen Arteon

    The Volkswagen Arteon is a four door fastback based on the Volkswagen Group MQB platform. The Arteon was unveiled on 6 March 2017, at the Geneva Motor Show, ...

  • Volkswagen Touran Volkswagen Touran

    The Volkswagen Touran is a compact MPV first launched in February 2003, sold in Europe and other select markets. It fills a gap in Volkswagens model lineup, ...

  • Volkswagen Corrado Volkswagen Corrado

    The Volkswagen Corrado is a compact four passenger, three door, front engine, front wheel drive liftback coupe marketed by Volkswagen from 1988 to 1995, and ...

  • Volkswagen Sharan Volkswagen Sharan

    The Volkswagen Sharan is a multi-purpose vehicle produced by the German Volkswagen Group and built at the AutoEuropa plant in Palmela, Portugal, since 1995. ...

  • Volkswagen Lupo Volkswagen Lupo

    The Lupo was introduced in October 1998, to fill a gap at the bottom of the Volkswagen model range caused by the increasing size and weight of the Polo. The ...

  • Volkswagen Amarok Volkswagen Amarok

    The Volkswagen Amarok is a pickup truck produced by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles since 2010. It is a traditional body-on-frame truck with double-wishbone s...

  • Volkswagen Phaeton Volkswagen Phaeton

    The Volkswagen Phaeton FAY -tən is a Full-size luxury sedan/saloon manufactured by the German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, described by Volkswagen as ...

  • Volkswagen Touareg Volkswagen Touareg

    The Volkswagen Touareg is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 2002 at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant. The vehicle was named ...

  • Volkswagen New Beetle Volkswagen New Beetle

    The Volkswagen New Beetle is a compact car, introduced by Volkswagen in 1997, drawing heavy inspiration from the exterior design of the original Beetle. Manu...

  • Volkswagen Schwimmwagen Volkswagen Schwimmwagen

    The VW Type 128 and 166 Schwimmwagen were amphibious four-wheel drive off-roaders, used extensively by German ground forces during the Second World War. The ...

  • Volkswagen Scirocco Volkswagen Scirocco

    The Volkswagen Scirocco is a three-door, four passenger, front-engine, front wheel drive sports coupe manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen in two generati...

  • Volkswagen Karmann Ghia Volkswagen Karmann Ghia

    The Volkswagen Karmann Ghia is a sports car marketed in 2+2 coupe and 2+2 convertible body styles by Volkswagen. Internally designated the Type 14, the Karma...

  • Volkswagen Up Volkswagen Up

    The Volkswagen Up is a city car, part of the Volkswagen Group New Small Family series of models, unveiled at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany. Produ...

  • Volkswagen Type 4 Volkswagen Type 4

    The Volkswagen Type 4 is a compact car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen of Germany from 1968 to 1974 in two-door and four-door sedan as well as two-do...

  • Volkswagen Fox Volkswagen Fox

    The Volkswagen Fox is a subcompact car produced and designed by Volkswagen of Brazil and sold in Latin America since 2003 and in Europe from 2005 to 2011, wh...

  • Volkswagen Beetle (A5) Volkswagen Beetle (A5)

    The Volkswagen Beetle is a small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen introduced in 2011 for the 2012 model year, as the successor to the New B...

  • Volkswagen Atlas Volkswagen Atlas

    The Volkswagen Atlas is a mid-size crossover SUV manufactured by the German automaker Volkswagen at its Chattanooga plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee, United S...

  • Volkswagen Gol Volkswagen Gol

    The Volkswagen Gol is a subcompact car that has been manufactured by Volkswagen do Brasil since 1980 as Volkswagens entry-level car in the Latin American mar...

  • Volkswagen Type 2 Volkswagen Type 2

    The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus or Camper, Pão de Forma is a forward control light ...

  • Volkswagen Tiguan Volkswagen Tiguan

    The Volkswagen Tiguan is a compact crossover vehicle manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen. Introduced in 2007, the first generation model uses the PQ4...

  • Volkswagen Crafter Volkswagen Crafter

    The Volkswagen Crafter, introduced in 2006, is the largest 3 to 5 tonne van produced and sold by the German automaker Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles. The Cra...

  • Volkswagen Transporter Volkswagen Transporter

    The Volkswagen Transporter, based on the Volkswagen Groups T platform, now in its sixth generation, refers to a series of vans produced over 60 years and mar...

  • Volkswagen Beetle Volkswagen Beetle

    The Volkswagen Beetle - officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Kafer, in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many o...

  • Volkswagen Jetta Volkswagen Jetta

    The Volkswagen Jetta is a compact car/small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1979. Positioned to fill a sedan niche above the firms G...

  • Volkswagen Polo Volkswagen Polo

    The Volkswagen Polo is a car produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1975. It is sold in Europe and other markets worldwide in hatchback, sedan ...

  • Volkswagen Golf Volkswagen Golf

    The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car produced by the German automotive manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across eight generations, in va...

  • Volkswagen Passat Volkswagen Passat

    The Volkswagen Passat is a large family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1973, and now in its eighth generation. It has been marketed variou...

  • Volkswagen Group Volkswagen Group

    Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Sa...

Volkswagen

Volkswagen ; English, shortened to VW), is a German automaker founded in 1937 by the German Labour Front, a Nazi labour union, and headquartered in Wolfsburg. It is the flagship marque of the Volkswagen Group, the largest automaker by worldwide sales in 2016 and 2017. The groups biggest market is in China, which delivers 40% of its sales and profits.
Volkswagen translates to "peoples car" in German. The companys current international advertising slogan is just "Volkswagen", referencing the names meaning.

image

1.1. History 1932–1938: Peoples Car Nazi project
Volkswagen was established in 1937 by the German Labor Front Deutsche Arbeitsfront in Berlin. In the early 1930s cars were a luxury: most Germans could afford nothing more elaborate than a motorcycle. Only one German out of 50 owned a car. Seeking a potential new market, some car makers began independent "peoples car" projects – the Mercedes 170H, Adler AutoBahn, Steyr 55, and Hanomag 1.3L, among others.
The trend was not new, as Bela Barenyi is credited with having conceived the basic design in the mid-1920s. Josef Ganz developed the Standard Superior going as far as advertising it as the "German Volkswagen". In Germany, the company Hanomag mass-produced the 2/10 PS "Kommissbrot", a small, cheap rear-engined car, from 1925 to 1928. Also, in Czechoslovakia, the Hans Ledwinkas penned Tatra T77, a very popular car amongst the German elite, was becoming smaller and more affordable at each revision. Ferdinand Porsche, a well-known designer for high-end vehicles and race cars, had been trying for years to get a manufacturer interested in a small car suitable for a family. He built a car named the "Volksauto" from the ground up in 1933, using many popular ideas and several of his own, putting together a car with an air-cooled rear engine, torsion bar suspension, and a "beetle" shape, the front hood rounded for better aerodynamics necessary as it had a small engine.
In 1934, with many of the above projects still in development or early stages of production, Adolf Hitler became involved, ordering the production of a basic vehicle capable of transporting two adults and three children at 100 km/h 62 mph. He wanted all German citizens to have access to cars. The "Peoples Car" would be available to citizens of the Third Reich through a savings plan at 990 Reichsmarks equivalent to €3.747 in 2009 - about the price of a small motorcycle the average income being around 32 RM a week.
Despite heavy lobbying in favor of one of the existing projects, it soon became apparent that private industry could not turn out a car for only 990 RM. Thus, Hitler chose to sponsor an all-new, state-owned factory using Ferdinand Porsches design with some of Hitlers design constraints, including an air-cooled engine so nothing could freeze. The intention was that ordinary Germans would buy the car by means of a savings scheme, which around 336.000 people eventually paid into. However, the entire project was financially unsound, and only the Nazi party made it possible to provide funding.
Prototypes of the car called the "KdF-Wagen" German: Kraft durch Freude – "Strength through Joy", appeared from 1938 onwards the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart. The car already had its distinctive round shape and air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine. The VW car was just one of many KdF programs, which included things such as tours and outings. The prefix Volks - "Peoples" was not just applied to cars, but also to other products in Germany; the "Volksempfanger" radio receiver for instance. On 28 May 1937, Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH "Company for the Preparation of the German Volkswagen Ltd.", or Gezuvor for short, was established by the Deutsche Arbeitsfront in Berlin. More than a year later, on 16 September 1938, it was renamed to Volkswagenwerk GmbH.
Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Auto Union chief designer, part of Ferdinand Porsches hand-picked team, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle known today. It was one of the first cars designed with the aid of a wind tunnel - a method used for German aircraft design since the early 1920s. The car designs were put through rigorous tests, and achieved a record-breaking million miles of testing before being deemed finished.
The construction of the new factory started in May 1938 in the new town of "Stadt des KdF-Wagens" modern-day Wolfsburg, which had been purpose-built for the factory workers. This factory had only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939. None were actually delivered to any holder of the completed saving stamp books, though one Type 1 Cabriolet was presented to Hitler on 20 April 1944 his 55th birthday.
War changed production to military vehicles - the Type 82 Kubelwagen "Bucket car" utility vehicle VWs most common wartime model, and the amphibious Schwimmwagen - manufactured for German forces. was common with much of the production in Nazi Germany during the war, slave labor was utilized in the Volkswagen plant, e.g. from Arbeitsdorf concentration camp. The company would admit in 1998 that it used 15.000 slaves during the war effort. German historians estimated that 80% of Volkswagens wartime workforce was slave labor. Many of the slaves were reported to have been supplied from the concentration camps upon request from plant managers. A lawsuit was filed in 1998 by survivors for restitution for the forced labor. Volkswagen would set up a voluntary restitution fund.

1.2. History 1945–1948: British Army intervention, unclear future
The company owes its post-war existence largely to one man, wartime British Army officer Major Ivan Hirst, REME. In April 1945, KdF-Stadt and its heavily bombed factory were captured by the Americans, and subsequently handed over to the British, within whose occupation zone the town and factory fell. The factories were placed under the control of Saddleworth-born Hirst, by then a civilian Military Governor with the occupying forces. At first, one plan was to use it for military vehicle maintenance, and possibly dismantle and ship it to Britain. Since it had been used for military production, though not of KdF-Wagens and had been in Hirsts words, a "political animal" rather than a commercial enterprise – technically making it liable for destruction under the terms of the Potsdam Agreement – the equipment could have been salvaged as war reparations. Allied dismantling policy changed in late 1946 to mid-1947, though heavy industry continued to be dismantled until 1951.
One of the factorys wartime KdF-Wagen cars had been taken to the factory for repairs and abandoned there. Hirst had it repainted green and demonstrated it to British Army headquarters. Short of light transport, in September 1945 the British Army was persuaded to place a vital order for 20.000 cars. However, production facilities had been massively disrupted, there was a refugee crisis at and around the factory, and some parts such as carburettors were unavailable. With striking humanity and great engineering and management ingenuity, Hirst and his German assistant Heinrich Nordhoff who went on to run the Wolfsburg facility after military government ended in 1949 helped to stabilize the acute social situation while simultaneously re-establishing production. Hirst, for example, used his fine engineering experience to arrange the manufacture of carburettors, the original producers being effectively lost in the Russian zone. The first few hundred cars went to personnel from the occupying forces, and to the German Post Office. Some British Service personnel were allowed to take their Beetles back to the United Kingdom when they were demobilised.
In 1986, Hirst explained how it was commonly misunderstood that he had run Wolfsburg as a British Army major. The defeated German staff, he said, were initially sullen and unresponsive, having been conditioned by many years of Nazism and they were sometimes unresponsive to orders. At Nordhoffs suggestion, he sent back to England for his officers uniform and from then on, had no difficulty in having his instructions followed. Hirst can be seen photographed at Wolfsburg in his uniform, although he was not actually a soldier at the time but a civilian member of the military government. The title of Major was sometimes used by someone who had left the Army as a courtesy, but Hirst chose not to use the title.
The post-war industrial plans for Germany set out rules that governed which industries Germany was allowed to retain. These rules set German car production at a maximum of 10% of 1936 car production. By 1946, the factory produced 1.000 cars a month - a remarkable feat considering it was still in disrepair. Owing to roof and window damage, production had to stop when it rained, and the company had to barter new vehicles for steel for production.
The car and its town changed their Second World War-era names to "Volkswagen" and "Wolfsburg" respectively, and production increased. It was still unclear what was to become of the factory. It was offered to representatives from the American, Australian, British, and French motor industries. Famously, all rejected it. After an inspection of the plant, Sir William Rootes, head of the British Rootes Group, told Hirst the project would fail within two years, and that the car ".is quite unattractive to the average motorcar buyer, is too ugly and too noisy. If you think youre going to build cars in this place, youre a bloody fool, young man." The official report said "To build the car commercially would be a completely uneconomic enterprise." In an ironic twist of fate, Volkswagen manufactured a locally built version of Rootess Hillman Avenger in Argentina in the 1980s, long after Rootes had gone bankrupt at the hands of Chrysler in 1978 - the Beetle outliving the Avenger by over 30 years.
Ford representatives were equally critical. In March 1948, the British offered the Volkswagen company to Ford, free of charge. Henry Ford II, the son of Edsel Ford, traveled to West Germany for discussions. Heinz Nordhoff was also present, as well as Ernest Breech, chairman of the board for Ford. Henry Ford II looked to Breech for his opinion, and Breech said, "Mr. Ford, I dont think what were being offered here is worth a dime!" Ford passed on the offer, leaving Volkswagen to rebuild itself under Nordhoffs leadership.

1.3. History 1948–1961: Icon of post war West Germany
From 1948, Volkswagen became an important element, symbolically and economically, of West German regeneration. Heinrich Nordhoff 1899–1968, a former senior manager at Opel who had overseen civilian and military vehicle production in the 1930s and 1940s, was recruited to run the factory in 1948. In 1949, Major Hirst left the company - now re-formed as a trust controlled by the West German government and government of the State of Lower Saxony. The "Beetle" sedan or "peoples car" Volkswagen is the Type 1. Apart from the introduction of the Volkswagen Type 2 commercial vehicle van, pick-up and camper, and the VW Karmann Ghia sports car, Nordhoff pursued the one-model policy until shortly before his death in 1968.
Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949, but sold only two units in America that first year. On entry to the U.S. market, the VW was briefly sold as a Victory Wagon. Volkswagen of America was formed in April 1955 to standardize sales and service in the United States. Production of the Type 1 Volkswagen Beetle increased dramatically over the years, the total reaching one million in 1955.
The UKs first official Volkswagen Importer, Colborne Garages of Ripley, Surrey, started with parts for the models brought home by soldiers returning from Germany.
Canadian Motors, Limited brought in Canadas first shipment of Volkswagens on 10 July 1952 shipping order 143075. The order consisted of 12 vehicles, 3 model 11C, a black, green, and sandcolor 3 11GS, a chestnut brown and two azure blue, 2 24A-M51 in red, 121A in blue, 1 23A in blue, 1 22A beige color, and one ambulance. Volkswagens were seen in Canada for the first time at the Canadian National Exhibition in August 1952 and were accepted enthusiastically. At least one Type 2 bus from this order still exists, and is currently in France undergoing restoration. The first shipment for Volkswagen Canada reached Toronto in early December 1952. At least one Type 1 from this first shipment still exists, and was driven on a nationwide tour for Volkswagen Canadas 60th year of business festivities in 2012.
By 1955, sales were on a basis that warranted the building of the Volkswagen plant on a 32-acre 13 ha site on Scarboros Golden Mile. To this, a 60.000-square-foot 5.600 m 2 building with administration, showrooms, service, repairs and parts was built in 1957, with storage for $4.000.000 of parts.
In 1959, VW started production at a plant near São Paulo in Brazil. Volkswagen do Brasil was accused of spying on workers during the time of the military dictatorship in the 1970s and informing police on oppositional activities. In 1976, mass arrests occurred and some VW employees were tortured. In 1979, Brazilian VW workers traveled to Wolfsburg to inform the CEO in person. In 2015, activists and former VW employees in Brazil spoke out in public accused the companys silence about persecution of its workers. In fall 2016, VW commissioned an expert review of the situation due end of 2017.
On 22 August 1960, Volkswagenwerk GmbH was renamed to Volkswagenwerk AG.
Sales soared throughout the 1960s, peaking at the end of the decade thanks in part to the famous advertising campaigns by New York advertising agency Doyle, Dane Bernbach. Led by art director Helmut Krone, and copywriters Julian Koenig and Bob Levinson, Volkswagen advertisements became as popular as the car, using crisp layouts and witty copy to lure the younger, sophisticated consumers with whom the car became associated. Even though it was almost universally known as the Beetle or the Bug, it was never officially labelled as such by the manufacturer, instead referred to as the Type 1.
Although the car was becoming outdated, during the 1960s and early 1970s, American exports, innovative advertising, and a growing reputation for reliability helped production figures surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T. On 17 February 1972 the 15.007.034th Beetle was sold. Volkswagen could now claim the world production record for the most-produced, single make of car in history. By 1973, total production was over 16 million.
To commemorate its passing the Ford Model Ts record sales mark and its victories in the Baja 1000 Mexican races from 1967 to 1971, Volkswagen produced its first limited-edition Beetle. It was marketed as the "Baja Champion SE" in the United States and the "Marathon" Superbeetle in the rest of the world. It featured unique "Marathon Blau" metallic blue paint, steel-pressed 10-spoke 15-inch 38 cm magnesium-alloy wheels, a commemorative metal plate mounted on the glovebox and a certificate of authenticity presented to the original purchaser. Dealer-installed options for this limited-edition Superbeetle included the following: white stripes running the length of the rocker-panel, a special shifter knob, bumper overriders, tapered exhaust tips, fake walnut inserts in the dashboard behind the steering wheel and the glovebox cover as well as Bosch fog lights mounted on the front bumper.

1.4. History 1961–1973: Beetle to Golf
The 1961 Type 1 Beetle had a 36 hp 1200cc four cylinder air-cooled flat-four opposed OHV engine made of aluminum alloy block and heads. By 1966, the Type 1 came with a 1300 engine. By 1967 the Type 1 had a 1500 engine, and 1600 in 1970. The air-cooled engine lost favor in the United States market with the advent of non-leaded gasoline and smog controls. These air-cooled engines were commonly tuned to be fuel rich in order to control engine over-heating, and this led to excessive carbon monoxide emissions. VW Production equipment was eventually moved to Mexico where vehicle emissions were not regulated. Beetles were popular on the USA West Coast where the limited-capacity cabin heating was less inconvenient. Beetles were popularized on the USA West Coast as beach buggies and dune buggies.
VW expanded its product line in 1961 with the introduction of four Type 3 models based on the new Type 3 mechanical underpinnings. The name Squareback was used in the United States for the Variant.
In 1969 the larger Type 4 411 and 412 models were introduced. These differed substantially from previous vehicles, with the notable introduction of monocoque/unibody construction, the option of a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection, and a sturdier powerplant.
In 1964, Volkswagen acquired Auto Union, and in 1969, NSU Motorenwerke AG NSU. The former company owned the historic Audi brand, which had disappeared after the Second World War. VW ultimately merged Auto Union and NSU to create the modern Audi company, and would go on to develop it as its luxury vehicle marque. The purchase of Auto Union and NSU was a pivotal point in Volkswagens history, as both companies yielded the technological expertise that proved necessary for VW to survive when demand for its air-cooled models went into decline.
Volkswagen added a "Super Beetle" the Type 131 to its lineup in 1971. The Type 131 differed from the standard Beetle in its use of a MacPherson strut front suspension instead of the usual torsion bars. The Super Beetle featured a new hooded, padded dash and curved windshield from 1973 model year on up. Rack and pinion steering replaced recirculating ball steering gears in model year 1975 and up. The front of the car was stretched 2 inches 51 mm to allow the spare tire to lie flat, and the combination of these two features increased the usable front luggage space.
In 1973, Volkswagen introduced the military-themed Type 181, or "Trekker" in Europe, "Thing" in America, recalling the wartime Type 82. The military version was produced for the NATO-era German Army during the Cold War years of 1970 to 1979. The U.S. Thing version only sold for two years, 1973 and 1974.
By late 1972, Volkswagen had decided to cancel the nearly finished typ 266, a project for a mid-engined car to replace the Beetle, and to focus on front-wheel-drive, water-cooled cars. Rudolf Leiding, recently made head of Volkswagen, cited noise, heat, and servicing problems with the mid-engine layout, as well as the difficulty of making it a station wagon.
Volkswagen was in serious trouble by 1973. The Type 3 and Type 4 models had sold in much smaller numbers than the Beetle and the NSU-based K70 also failed to sell. Beetle sales had started to decline rapidly in European and North American markets. The company knew that Beetle production had to end, but faced a conundrum of how to replace it. VWs ownership of Audi/Auto Union proved beneficial. Its expertise in front-wheel drive, and water-cooled engines would help Volkswagen produce a credible Beetle successor. Audi influences paved the way for this new generation of Volkswagens: the Passat, Scirocco, Golf, and Polo.
First in the series was the Volkswagen Passat Dasher in the US, introduced in 1973, a fastback version of the Audi 80, using many identical body and mechanical parts. Estate/wagon versions were available in many markets. In Europe, the estate/wagon version dominated in market share for many years.
In spring 1974, the Scirocco followed. The coupe was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro. Based on the platform of the not yet released Golf, it was built at Karmann due to capacity constraints at Volkswagen.
The pivotal model emerged as the Volkswagen Golf in 1974, marketed in the United States and Canada as the Rabbit for the 1st generation 1975–1985 and 5th generation 2006–2009. Its angular styling was designed by the Italian Giorgetto Giugiaro. Its design followed trends for small family cars set by the 1959 Mini – the Golf had a transversely mounted, water-cooled engine in the front, driving the front wheels, and had a hatchback, a format that has dominated the market segment ever since. Beetle production at Wolfsburg ended upon the Golfs introduction. It continued in smaller numbers at other German factories Hanover and Emden until 1978, but mainstream production shifted to Brazil and Mexico.
In 1975, the Volkswagen Polo followed. It was a re-badged Audi 50, which was soon discontinued in 1978. The Polo became the base of the Volkswagen Derby, which was introduced 1977. The Derby was for all intents and purposes a three-box design of the Polo. After a second model generation, the Derby was discontinued in 1985, although the bodystyle lived on in the form of the polo classic/polo saloon until 1991.
Passat, Scirocco, Golf, and Polo shared many character defining features, as well as parts and engines. They built the basis for Volkswagens turn-around.

1.5. History 1974–1990: Product line expansion
While Volkswagens range of cars soon became similar to that of other large European automakers, the Golf has been the mainstay of the Volkswagen lineup since its introduction, and the mechanical basis for several other cars of the company. There have been seven generations of the Volkswagen Golf, the first of which was produced from the summer of 1974 until the autumn of 1983 sold as the Rabbit in the United States and Canada and as the Caribe in Latin America. Its chassis also spawned the Volkswagen Scirocco sport coupe, Volkswagen Jetta saloon/sedan, Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet convertible, and Volkswagen Caddy pick-up. North American production of the Rabbit commenced at the Volkswagen Westmoreland Assembly Plant near New Stanton, Pennsylvania in 1978. It would be produced in the United States as the Rabbit until the spring of 1984.The second-generation Golf hatchback/Jetta sedan ran from October 1983 until the autumn of 1991, and a North American version produced at Westmoreland Assembly went on sale at the start of the 1985 model year. The production numbers of the first-generation Golf has continued to grow annually in South Africa as the Citi Golf, with only minor modifications to the interior, engine and chassis, using tooling relocated from the New Stanton, Pennsylvania plant when that site began to build the Second Generation car.
In the 1980s, Volkswagens sales in the United States and Canada fell dramatically, despite the success of models like the Golf elsewhere. Sales in the United States were 293.595 in 1980, but by 1984 they were down to 177.709. The introduction of the second-generation Golf, GTI and Jetta models helped Volkswagen briefly in North America. Motor Trend named the GTI its Car of the Year for 1985, and Volkswagen rose in the J.D. Power buyer satisfaction ratings to eighth place in 1985, up from 22nd a year earlier. VWs American sales broke 200.000 in 1985 and 1986 before resuming the downward trend from earlier in the decade. Chairman Carl Hahn decided to expand the company elsewhere mostly in developing countries, and the New Stanton, Pennsylvania factory closed on 14 July 1988. Meanwhile, four years after signing a cooperation agreement with the Spanish car maker SEAT in 1982, Hahn expanded the company by purchasing a majority share of SEAT up to 75% by the end of 1986, which VW bought outright in 1990. On 4 July 1985, Volkswagenwerk AG was renamed to Volkswagen AG.
Volkswagen entered the supermini market in 1975 with the Volkswagen Polo, a stylish and spacious three-door hatchback designed by Bertone. It was a strong seller in West Germany and most of the rest of Western Europe, being one of the first foreign small cars to prove popular in Britain. It had started out in 1974 as the Audi 50, which was only available in certain markets and was less popular. The Polo entered a market sector already being dominated by the Fiat 127 and Renault 5, and which before long would also include the Austin Metro and Ford Fiesta.
In 1981, the second-generation Polo launched and sold as a hatchback and "coupe" with the hatchback resembling a small estate car and the coupe being similar to a conventional hatchback, was an even greater success for Volkswagen. Its practicality, despite the lack of a five-door version, helped ensure even stronger sales than its predecessor, and it continued to sell well after a makeover in 1990, finally being replaced by an all-new version in 1994. Also arriving in 1981 were the second generation of the larger Passat and a second generation of the Volkswagen Scirocco coupe.
In 1983 the MK2 Golf was launched. At the beginning of 1988, the third generation Passat was the next major car launch and Volkswagen did not produce a hatchback version of this Passat, despite the rising popularity of the hatchback body style throughout Europe. Just after launching the B3 Passat, Volkswagen launched the Corrado, analogous to the Scirocco, although the Scirocco remained in production until 1992; a third generation of Scirocco was in production 2008-17.

1.6. History 1991–1999
In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf, which was European Car of the Year for 1992. The Golf Mk3 and Jetta Mk3 arrived in North America in 1993. The sedan version of the Golf was badged Vento in Europe, but remained Jetta in the United States. The Scirocco and the later Corrado were both Golf-based coupes.
In 1994, Volkswagen unveiled the J Mays-designed Concept One, a "retro"-themed concept car with a resemblance to the original Beetle, based on the platform of the Polo. Due to a positive response to the concept, a production version was developed as the New Beetle, based on the Golfs larger platform.
In 1995 the Sharan was launched in Europe, the result of a joint venture with Ford, which also resulted in the Ford Galaxy and SEAT Alhambra.
The companys evolution of its model range was continued with the Golf Mk4, introduced at the end of 1997 North America in 1999, its chassis spawned a host of other cars within the Volkswagen Group; the Volkswagen Bora the sedan known as the Jetta in the United States, SEAT Toledo, SEAT Leon, Audi A3, Audi TT, and Skoda Octavia. Other main models during the decade include the Polo, a smaller car than the Golf, and the larger Passat for the segment above the Golf.
In 1998 the company launched the new Lupo city car. In 1999 they announced the first "3-litre" car, a lightweight version of the Lupo that could travel 100 km with only 3-liters of diesel - making it the worlds most fuel efficient car at the time.

1.7. History 2000–2016: Further expansion
Volkswagen began introducing an array of new models after Bernd Pischetsrieder became Volkswagen Group CEO responsible for all Group brands in 2002. The sixth-generation VW Golf was launched in 2008, came runner-up to the Opel/Vauxhall Insignia in the 2009 European Car of the Year, and has spawned several cousins: VW Jetta, VW Scirocco, SEAT Leon, SEAT Toledo, Skoda Octavia and Audi A3 hatchback ranges, as well as a new mini-MPV, the SEAT Altea. The GTI, a "hot hatch" performance version of the Golf, boasts a 2.0 L Turbocharged Fuel Stratified Injection FSI direct injection engine. VW began marketing the Golf under the Rabbit name once again in the U.S. and Canada in 2006.
The sixth-generation Passat and the fifth-generation Jetta both debuted in 2005, and Volkswagen announced plans to expand its lineup further by bringing back the Scirocco by 2008. Other models in Wolfgang Bernhards Volkswagen brand CEO "product offensive" include the Tiguan mid-sized SUV in 2008 and a Passat Coupe. In November 2006 Bernd Pischetsrieder announced his resignation as Volkswagen Group CEO, and was replaced by Audi worldwide CEO Martin Winterkorn at the beginning of 2007.
Volkswagen in 2005 maintained North American sales of 224.195. Momentum continued for fiscal 2006, as Volkswagens North American sales for the year were 235.140 vehicles, a 4.9 percent increase over 2005, despite a slump in domestic North American manufacturers sales. In conjunction with the introduction of new models, production location of Volkswagen vehicles also underwent great change. The 2007 Eos, a hardtop convertible, is produced in a new facility in Portugal. All Golfs/Rabbits and GTIs as of 2006 are manufactured in Wolfsburg, Germany, rather than Puebla, Mexico, where Golfs and GTIs for the North American market were produced from 1989 to 1998, and the Brazilian factory in Curitiba, where Golfs and GTIs were produced from 1999 to 2006 the Jetta has been primarily manufactured in Mexico since 1989. Volkswagen is also in the process of reconfiguring an automotive assembly plant in Belgium. The new models and investments in manufacturing improvements were immediately noticed by automotive critics. Favorable reviews for Volkswagens newest cars include the GTI being named by Consumer Reports as the top sporty car under $25.000, one of Car and Driver magazines "10 Best" for 2007, Automobile Magazines 2007 Car of the Year, as well as a 2008 Motor Trend comparison ranking the mid-size Passat first in its class.
Volkswagen partnered with Daimler AG and other companies to market the BlueTec clean diesel technology on cars and trucks from Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen, and other companies and brands. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, four of the ten most fuel-efficient vehicles available for sale in the United States are powered by Volkswagen diesel engines. Volkswagen has offered a number of its vehicles with a TDI Turbocharged Direct Injection engine, which lends class-leading fuel economy to several models. They were a three-way tie for 8th and ninth, the TDI Jetta Wagon. In addition, all Volkswagen TDI diesel engines produced from 1996 to 2006 can be driven on 100% biodiesel fuel. For the 2007 model year, however, strict U.S. government emissions regulations have forced Volkswagen to drop most diesels from their U.S. engine lineup, but a new lineup of diesel engines then thought compatible to U.S. standards returned to the American market starting with Model Year 2009. These post-2009 Clean Diesel engines are limited to running on 5% B5 biodiesel only to maintain Volkswagens warranty. Volkswagen long resisted adding a SUV to its lineup, but relented with the introduction of the Touareg, made in partnership with Porsche, while they worked on the Porsche Cayenne and later the Audi Q7. Though acclaimed as a fine handling vehicle, the Touareg has been a modest seller at best, and it has been criticised by auto reviewers for its absence of a third-row seat, the relatively poor fuel economy, and the high vehicle mass. Volkswagen set plans to add a compact SUV with styling influences from the "Concept A" concept vehicle introduced at the 2006 Geneva Auto Show, and on 20 July 2006, Volkswagen announced that the new vehicle, called the Tiguan.
Since the discontinuance of the T4 in 2003 and decision not to export the T5 to the United States, Volkswagen, coincidentally, lacked a van for its North American lineup. To remedy this, Volkswagen launched the Volkswagen Routan, a badge-engineered Dodge Grand Caravan made for the American and Canadian markets, in 2008.
In September 2006, Volkswagen began offering the City Golf and City Jetta only for the Canadian market. Both models were originally the Mk4 Golf and Jetta but were later replaced with the Brazilian versions of the Golf Mk4 and Bora. Volkswagens introduction of such models is seen as a test of the market for a subcompact and, if successful, may be the beginnings of a thriving subcompact market for Volkswagen.
In May 2011, Volkswagen completed Chattanooga Assembly in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The Chattanooga Assembly plant marked VWs first plant since the plant at New Stanton was closed down. The facility has produced Volkswagen cars and SUVs specifically designed for the North American markets, beginning with the Passat B7 in 2011. The company recently announced plans to expand further by investing $900 million to add floor space to the factory.
The VW XL1 began a limited production run in 2013. The XL1 is a lightweight and fuel efficient two-person vehicle only 795 kg.
The Volkswagen Atlas a large crossover SUV began production in late 2016, and aimed to help end several years of losses for Volkswagen in the United States, the worlds second-largest auto market. On 14 September 2016, Volkswagen announced its partnership with three Israeli cybersecurity experts to create a new company, Cymotive, dedicated to automotive security.

1.8. History 2017–present: Focus on electric vehicles
In 2017, Volkswagen announced plans to place a considerable focus on electric vehicles EV, with a goal to, by 2025, launch at least 30 EV models, and have 20 to 25 percent of their total yearly sales volume 2-3 million consist of EVs. In September, Volkswagen CEO Matthias Muller stated that the company aimed to have electric versions of all of its vehicle models by 2030, at a cost of 20 billion euro, and 50 billion euro on acquisition of batteries.
Volkswagen returned to motorsport in 2018 by unveiling its all-electric I.D. R. At the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb, Romain Dumas set an all-time course record of just under eight minutes driving the I.D. R.
In September 2018, Volkswagen announced that it would discontinue production of the Beetle A5 in 2019. In February 2019, Volkswagen announced that it would launch an entry-level Jetta sub-brand in China aimed at young buyers. It will have three models, a sedan and two SUVS, all three of which will be manufactured in China as a part of Volkswagens joint-venture with FAW.
In September 2019 at the Frankfurt Motor Show, Volkswagen officially unveiled a refreshed logo a thinner, two-dimensional version of the previous logo and new sonic branding, which will accompany the newly-launched ID.3 electric vehicle. Volkswagen stated that the ID.3 signified the start of a "new era" of the company.
In September 2019, Volkswagen also announced a program to allow old Beetle models to be converted to run on electric power. The electric motor and battery updates will be done in partnership with German company eClassics. The electric components used for retrofitting will be based upon those found in the e-up! model.

2. Operations
Volkswagen is the founding and namesake member of the Volkswagen Group, a large international corporation in charge of multiple car and truck brands, including Audi, SEAT, Porsche, Lamborghini, Bentley, Bugatti, Scania, MAN, and Skoda. Volkswagen Groups global headquarters are located in Volkswagens historic home of Wolfsburg, Germany.
Volkswagen Group, as a unit, is Europes largest automaker. For a long time, Volkswagen has had a market share over 20 percent.
In 2010, Volkswagen posted record sales of 6.29 million vehicles, with its global market share at 11.4%. In 2008, Volkswagen became the third largest automaker in the world, and, as of 2016, Volkswagen was the second largest manufacturer worldwide. With strong headwinds reported in 2018, predominantly from trade tariffs and new emission standards, Volkswagen Group have limped to the 2018 finish line and astonishingly ended the year with record deliveries of 10.8m vehicles. Volkswagen Groups core markets include Germany and China.
In July 2019, Volkswagen invested $2.6 billion in Argo AI, a startup focused on developing self-driving vehicles.

2.1. Operations Worldwide presence
Volkswagen has factories in many parts of the world, manufacturing or assembling vehicles for local markets. In addition to plants in Germany, Volkswagen has manufacturing or assembly facilities in Mexico, the United States, Slovakia, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Portugal, Spain, Poland, the Czech Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kenya and South Africa. In 2011, Volkswagen was named in the top 25 largest companies in the world by the Forbes Global 2000.
Volkswagen is setting up a new factory in West Java, Indonesia, which started construction in mid-2013. The investment into the new plant, which will produce large transporters and multivans, is valued at $140.
As of May 2014, Volkswagen is planning to start assembling certain engines in India to increase localisation from 70% to 90%.
In January 2016, Volkswagen announced launching a new factory in Algeria during a summit between Angela Merkel and Algerian prime minister Abdelmalek Sellal. This new factory was launched in Relizane, producing Volkswagen Golf VII, Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Caddy, Seat Ibiza and Skoda Octavia cars.

2.2. Operations Work–life balance
Volkswagen agreed in December 2011 to implement a rule passed by the companys works council aimed at improving work–life balance and avoiding burnout by restricting company email functionality on the firms BlackBerry smartphones to working periods and the half-hour before and after working periods. About 1.150 of Volkswagens more than 190.000 employees in Germany were affected by the email restriction.

2.3. Operations Relationship with Porsche and the Volkswagen Law
Volkswagen has always had a close relationship with Porsche, the Zuffenhausen-based sports car manufacturer founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche, the original Volkswagen designer and Volkswagen company co-founder, hired by Adolf Hitler for the project. The first Porsche car, the Porsche 64 of 1938, used many components from the Volkswagen Beetle. The 1948 Porsche 356 continued using many Volkswagen components, including a tuned engine, gearbox and suspension.
The two companies continued their collaboration in 1969 to make the VW-Porsche 914 and Porsche 914-6. The 914-6 had a 6-cylinder Porsche engine, and the standard 914 had a Volkswagen engine. Volkswagen and Porsche would collaborate again in 1976 on the Porsche 912-E USA only and the Porsche 924, which used many Audi components and was built at Audis Neckarsulm facilities. The 924 was originally designated for AUDI. Most Porsche 944 models were built there, although they used far fewer VW components.
The Porsche Cayenne, introduced in 2002, shares its entire chassis with the Volkswagen Touareg and Audi Q7, and is built at the same Volkswagen factory in Bratislava that the other SUVs are built.
In September 2005, Porsche announced it would increase its 5% stake in Volkswagen to 20% at a cost of €3 billion, with the intention that the combined stakes of Porsche and the government of Lower Saxony would ensure that any hostile takeover by foreign investors would be impossible. Speculated suitors included DaimlerChrysler, BMW, and Renault. In July 2006, Porsche increased their ownership again to 25.1%.
On 4 March 2005, the European Commission brought an action against the Federal Republic of Germany before the European Court of Justice, claiming that the Volkswagen Law, which prevents any shareholder in Volkswagen from executing more than 20% of the total voting rights in the firm, was illegally restricting the flow of capital in Europe. On 13 February 2007, Advocate General Damaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer submitted an opinion to the court in support of the action. This again opened the possibility of a hostile takeover of VW and so on 26 March of the same year Porsche took its holding of Volkswagen shares to 30.9%. Porsche formally announced in a press statement that it did not intend to take over Volkswagen, but intended the move to avoid a competitors taking a large stake and to stop hedge funds from dismantling VW. As expected, on 22 October 2007, the European Court of Justice ruled in agreement with Ruiz-Jarabo and the law was struck down. In October 2007, the European Court of Justice ruled that the VW law was illegal because it was protectionist. At that time, Porsche held 31% of VW shares – although a smaller proportion of voting rights, due to the Volkswagen Law – and there had been speculation that Porsche would be interested in taking over VW if the law did not stand in its way. The court also prevented the government from appointing Volkswagen board members. The German government then rewrote the Volkswagen law, only to be sued again. In October 2013, the EU Court of Justice in Luxembourg ruled that the rewritten Volkswagen law "complied in full" with EU rules.
On 26 October 2008, Porsche revealed its plan to assume control of VW. As of that day, it held 42.6% of Volkswagens ordinary shares and stock options on another 31.5%. Combined with the state of Lower Saxonys 20.1% stake, this left only 5.8% of shares on the market - mostly with index funds that could not legally sell. Hedge funds desperate to cover their short positions forced Volkswagen stock above one thousand euros per share, briefly making it the worlds largest company by market capitalisation on 28 October 2008. By January 2009, Porsche had a 50.76% holding in Volkswagen AG, although the "Volkswagen Law" prevented it from taking control of the company.
On 6 May 2009, the two companies decided to join together, in a merger.
On 13 August, Volkswagen Aktiengesellschafts Supervisory Board signed the agreement to create an integrated automotive group with Porsche led by Volkswagen. The initial decision was for Volkswagen to take a 42.0% stake in Porsche AG by the end of 2009, and it would also see the family shareholders selling the automobile trading business of Porsche Holding Salzburg to Volkswagen. In October 2009 however, Volkswagen announced that its percentage in Porsche would be 49.9% for a cost of €3.9 billion the 42.0% deal would have cost €3.3 billion. On 1 March 2011, Volkswagen has finalized the purchase of Porsche Holding Salzburg PHS, Austrias leading specialty automobile distributor, for €3.3 billion $4.55 billion.
In January of 2020, Volkswagen was overtaken by Tesla as the second-most valuable auto maker.

2.4. Operations AutoMuseum
Since 1985, Volkswagen has run the Volkswagen AutoMuseum in Wolfsburg, a museum dedicated specifically to the history of Volkswagen. In addition to visiting exhibits in person, owners of vintage Volkswagens anywhere in the world may order what the museum refers to as a "Birth Certificate" for a set fee of €50 - this formal "Zertifikat" indicates basic information known at the time of manufacture.

3. Current models Chinese models
Manufactured by Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive and FAW-Volkswagen Automotive for the Chinese market.
GTI models
The performance Grand Turismo Injection models. It indicates it has a direct fuel injection. First included in the Golf Mk1 GTI from 1975, it has been appearing as performance vehicles from Volkswagen.
GTE models
GTE are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. The GTEs engine, electric motor, and transmission are fully shared with the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron:

4.1. Electric and alternative fuel vehicles Pure ethanol vehicles
Volkswagen do Brasil produced and sold pure ethanol-powered E100 only vehicles in Brazil, and production was discontinued only after they were supplanted by more modern Flex Fuel technology. As a response to the 1973 oil crisis, the Brazilian government began promoting bioethanol as a fuel, and the National Alcohol Program - Pro-Alcool - Portuguese: Programa Nacional do Alcool was launched in 1975. Compelled by the 1979 energy crisis, and after development and testing with government fleets by the CTA at São Jose dos Campos, and further testing of several prototypes developed by the four local carmakers, including Volkswagen do Brasil, pure ethanol vehicles were launched in the Brazilian market. Gasoline engines were modified to support hydrous ethanol characteristics and changes included compression ratio, amount of fuel injected, replacement of materials that would get corroded by the contact with ethanol, use of colder spark plugs suitable for dissipating heat due to higher flame temperatures, and an auxiliary cold-start system that injects gasoline from a small tank in the engine compartment to help starting when cold. Within six years, around 75% of all Brazilian passenger cars were manufactured with ethanol engines.
Production and sales of pure ethanol vehicles tumbled beginning in 1987 owing to several factors, including a sharp decline in gasoline prices as a result of the 1980s oil glut, and high sugar prices in the world market, shifting sugarcane ethanol production from fuel to sugar. By mid-1989, a shortage of ethanol fuel supply in the local market left thousands of vehicles in line at gas stations or out of fuel in their garages, forcing consumers to abandon ethanol vehicles.

4.2. Electric and alternative fuel vehicles Flexible-fuel vehicles
The 2003 VW Gol 1.6 Total Flex was the first full flexible-fuel vehicle launched in Brazil, capable of running on any blend of gasoline and E100. In March of that year, on its fiftieth anniversary, Volkswagen do Brasil launched in the local market the Gol 1.6 Total Flex, the first Brazilian commercial flexible fuel vehicle capable of running on any mix of E20-E25 gasoline and up to 100% hydrous ethanol fuel E100. After the pure ethanol fiasco, consumer confidence in ethanol-powered vehicles was restored, allowing a rapid adoption of the flex technology. This was facilitated by the fuel distribution infrastructure already in place throughout Brazil, with more than 30 thousand fueling stations, a heritage of the Pro-Alcool program
Owing to the success and rapid consumer acceptance of the flex-fuel versions, by 2005 VW had sold 293.523 flex-fuel cars and light-duty trucks, and only 53.074 gasoline-only automobiles, jumping to 525.838 flex-fuel vehicles and only 13.572 gasoline-only cars and 248 gasoline-only light trucks in 2007, and reaching new car sales of 564.959 flex-fuel vehicles in 2008, representing 96% of all new cars and light-duty trucks sold in that year. VW do Brasil stopped manufacturing gasoline-only vehicles models for the local market in 2006, and all of the remaining gasoline-only Volkswagen models sold in Brazil are imported. The flex-fuel models currently produced for the local market are the Gol, Fox, CrossFox, Parati, Polo Hatch, Polo Sedan, Saveiro, Golf, and Kombi. By March 2009, Volkswagen do Brasil had attained the milestone mark of two million flex-fuel vehicles produced since 2003.

4.3. Electric and alternative fuel vehicles Hybrid vehicles
Volkswagen and Sanyo have teamed up to develop a battery system for hybrid cars. Volkswagen head Martin Winterkorn has confirmed the company plans to build compact hybrid electric vehicles. He has stated "There will definitely be compact hybrid models, such as Polo and Golf, and without any great delay", with gasoline and diesel power. For example, Golf is the ideal model to go hybrid as the Golf 1.4 TSI was recently awarded the "Auto Environment Certificate" by the Oko-Trend Institute for Environmental Research, and was considered as one of the most environmentally friendly vehicles of 2007. Also underway at Volkswagens Braunschweig RD facilities in Northern Germany is a hybrid version of the next-generation Touareg.
VW intends all future models to have the hybrid option. "Future VW models will fundamentally also be constructed with hybrid concepts," VW head of development Ulrich Hackenberg told Automobilwoche in an interview. Hackenberg mentioned that the car based on the Up! concept seen at Frankfurt Motor Show, as well as all future models, could be offered with either full or partial hybrid options. The rear-engine up! will go into production in 2011. Nothing has been said about plug-in hybrid options.
Volkswagen announced at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show the launch of the 2012 Touareg Hybrid, scheduled for 2011. VW also announced plans to introduce diesel-electric hybrid versions of its most popular models in 2012, beginning with the new Jetta, followed by the Golf Hybrid in 2013 together with hybrid versions of the Passat. In 2012, the Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid set the world record to become the fastest hybrid car at 187 mph.

4.4. Electric and alternative fuel vehicles Plug-in electric vehicles
In November 2009, Volkswagen announced it has hired Karl-Thomas Neumann as its group chief officer for electric traction. VWs Chief of research, Jurgen Leohold, said in 2010 the company has concluded hydrogen fuel-cell cars are not a viable option.
As of May 2016, the Volkswagen Group offers for retails customers nine plug-in electric cars, of which, three are all-electric cars: the Volkswagen e-Up!, e-Golf and Audi R8 e-tron, and six are plug-in hybrids: the Volkswagen Golf GTE, Passat GTE, Audi A3 Sportback e-tron, Q7 e-tron quattro, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid and Cayenne S E-Hybrid. Also two limited production plug-in hybrids were manufactured beginning in 2013, the Volkswagen XL1 250 units and the Porsche 918 Spyder 918 units. Total cumulative sales of all Volkswagen brand electrified cars since the start of their respective production is expected to reach about 103.000 by the end of 2016.
In order to comply with increasingly strict carbon dioxide emission limits in major markets, the VW Group expects to sell about one million all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles a year worldwide by 2025. The Group plans to expand its plug-in range with 20 new pure electric and plug-in hybrid cars, including two cars to compete with Tesla Motors, the Porsche Mission E all-electric car and the Audi e-tron quattro, which is expected to become the brands first mass production electric vehicle. According to Thomas Ulbrich, VW brand production chief, the carmaker has capacity to build as many as 75.000 battery electric and plug-in hybrids a year if demand rises. Volkswagen announced in October 2015 that "it will develop a modular architecture for battery electric cars, called the MEB. The standardized system will be designed for all body structures and vehicle types and will allow the company to build emotionally appealing EVs with a range of up to 310 mi 500 km." In June 2016, VW launched a program to develop 30 all-electric cars in 10 years, and sell 2–3 million electric cars per year by 2025. Due to lower manpower requirements for electric motors than for piston engines, VW expects a gradual workforce reduction as numbers of electric cars increase. VW considers battery factory ownership as too expensive.

5.1. Controversy Environmental record
In 1974 Volkswagen paid a $120.000 fine to settle a complaint filed by the Environmental Protection Agency over the use of so-called "defeat devices" that disabled certain pollution-control systems. The complaint said the use of the devices violated the U.S. Clean Air Act.
In 1996, Volkswagen first implemented its seven environmental goals in Technical Development with themes involving climate protection, resource conservation, and healthcare, through objectives such as reducing greenhouse emissions and fuel consumption, enabling alternative fuels, and avoiding hazardous materials. The goals have been revised in 2002 and 2007. Volkswagen was the first car manufacturer to apply ISO 14000, during its drafting stage and was re-certified under the standards in September 2005.
In 2011, Greenpeace began criticising Volkswagens opposition to legislation requiring tighter controls on CO2 emissions and energy efficiency, and launched an advertising campaign parodying VWs series of Star Wars -based commercials.
In 2013, the Volkswagen XL1 became the most fuel-efficient production car in the world, with a claimed combined fuel consumption of 261 mpg 0.90-liter/100 km. Driving style has huge impact on this result – "normal" driving produces mileage in the 120 mpg range 1.96-liter/100 km.
Model year 2017 VW vehicles sold in the US average 26.5 mpg US, about 6% better than the average for all manufacturers. For comparison among major automakers, Honda lead at 29.4 mpg US while FCA, the owner of Jeep, Ram, Chrysler, Fiat, and Dodge brands, lagged at 21.2 mpg US.

5.2. Controversy US diesel emission fraud
On 18 September 2015, the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA said beginning in 2008 the automaker improperly installed engine control unit ECU software determined to be a "defeat device", in violation of the Clean Air Act, to circumvent environmental regulations of NO x emissions by diesel engine 2009–2015 model year Volkswagen and Audi cars. The software detects when the cars were being subject to emissions testing, and then fully enabled ECU emission controls to successfully pass. However, during normal driving conditions, emission control software was shut off in order to attain greater fuel economy and additional power, resulting in as much as 40 times more pollution than allowed by law. Consumer Reports tested a 2011 Jetta SportWagen TDI and found in emissions mode its 0–60 mph time increased by 0.6 seconds and its highway fuel economy dropped from 50 mpg to 46 mpg. Volkswagen admitted to using the defeat device, and has been ordered to recall approximately 482.000 cars with four-cylinder 2.0-liter TDI engines. United States federal penalties may include fines ranging up to US$18 billion, and possibly criminal charges. On 28 June 2016, Volkswagen agreed to pay a settlement of $15.3 billion, the largest auto-related consumer class-action lawsuit in the United States history.
In May 2014, the EPA was first alerted to the issue by the International Council on Clean Transportation ICCT, reporting results of research commissioned for them by West Virginia Universitys Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions CAFEE. After 15 months of denying the emissions control systems were deliberately gamed and instead claiming discrepancies due to "technical" reasons, on 21 August Volkswagen acknowledged to the EPA and California Air Resources Board CARB their emission controls systems were rigged. This was followed by a formal announcement of admission to regulators on 3 September which took place immediately after the EPA threatened to withhold approval for their 2016 cars. Volkswagens initial public response came on 20 September, when a spokesman said they would stop all US sales of the diesel models affected. Chairman Martin Winterkorn issued an apology and said Volkswagen would cooperate with investigators. Since emission standards in Canada are close to those in the US, Volkswagen Canada also halted sales of the affected diesel models. on 22 September 2015, Volkswagen spokesman admitted that the defeat device is installed in ~11 million vehicles with Type EA 189 diesel engines worldwide.
On the first business day after the news, Volkswagens stock price declined 20% and declined another 17% the following day, the same day a social media advertisement with Wired about "how diesel was re-engineered" was removed as well as a series of YouTube ads titled "Diesel Old Wives’ Tales". On Wednesday, 23 September, Volkswagen chief executive officer Martin Winterkorn resigned. Volkswagen hired Kirkland & Ellis law firm for defense, the same firm that defended BP during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
On 2 November 2016, the EPA issued a second notice of violation NOV pertaining to certain diesel 3.0-liter V6 equipped Audis, Volkswagen Touaregs and Porsche Cayennes. The EPA found beginning with the 2009 model year all vehicles powered by the V6 were non-compliant. During testing the EPA, CARB and Transport Canada discovered software that activates pollution reduction systems when the automobiles are being driven under federal test conditions, otherwise during real world driving these devices are inactive. Volkswagen disputed the EPAs findings stating their software was legally permitted, however shortly after Volkswagen issued a stop-sale for the EPAs disputed vehicles and additional models the EPA did not question.
In March 2016, the US Federal Trade Commission sued Volkswagen for false advertising, because Volkswagens "clean diesel" vehicles were less environmentally friendly than advertised.
In November 2016, Volkswagen and its labour unions agreed to reduce the workforce by 30.000 people until 2021 as a result of the costs from the violations. However, 9.000 new jobs would come by producing more electric cars. Volkswagen also announced plans to become the world leader in electric cars, producing 1 million VW-EVs by 2025 and 3 million by the group, and a VW manager stated that its diesel cars would not become available in the United States.
On 11 January 2017, Volkswagen agreed to plead guilty to the emissions-cheating scandal and to pay $4.3 billion in penalties. Six Volkswagen executives were charged. The following day, one of the indicted executives was ordered to be held without bail pending trial as it was feared that he would flee to Germany and extradition would be impossible. Senior VW management staff were warned not to travel to the US by lawyers working for the company. On 23 January 2017, a US judge approved a $1.2 billion settlement in which 650 American dealers, "who, like consumers, were blindsided by the brazen fraud that VW perpetrated," would receive an average of $1.85 million.

5.3. Controversy Canadian emissions charges
On December 9, 2019, Environment and Climate Change Canada charged Volkswagen AG with importing nearly 128.000 cars into Canada that did not meet its emissions standards, but reached a plea deal with the agency in a case involving 60 charges stemming from devices installed to defeat emissions testing.

5.4. Controversy Collaboration with dictatorship
In 2015, activists and former VW employees in Brazil spoke out in public accusing the company of being silent about the persecution of its workers, which was during Brazils military dictatorship from 1964-1985. VWs security personnel informed Brazils political police on eventual oppositional activities. In 1976, mass arrests occurred and some VW employees were tortured.

6. Awards
Volkswagen was named the fourth most influential car of the 20th century in the 1999 Car of the Century competition, for its Volkswagen Type 1 Beetle" model. It trailed only the Ford Model T, BMC Mini, and Citroen DS.
Volkswagen has produced four winners of the 50-year-old European Car of the Year award.
Volkswagen has produced five winners of the United States Motor Trend Car of the Year award – the original Car of the Year designation, which began in 1949.
Volkswagen has already produced four winners of the recently developed World Car of the Year award.

7.1. Motorsport Formula racing
In July 2011 Wolfgang Durheimer, the director of Bugatti and Bentley, told German magazine Auto, Motor und Sport that "if is at the forefront of the auto industry, I can imagine us competing in Formula 1 in 2018. We have enough brands to pull it off." They did not compete in F1 in 2018.
In 1963, Formula Vee circuit racing, with cars built from easily available Beetle parts, started in the United States. It quickly spread to Europe and other parts of the world. It proved very popular as a low-cost route into formula racing.
In 1971, Volkswagen of America started the more powerful Formula Super Vee, which became famous for hothousing new talent. In the 11 years it ran, until 1982, it produced a stable of world-famous Formula One drivers - names like Niki Lauda, Jochen Mass, Nelson Piquet, Jochen Rindt and Keke Rosberg. Volkswagen also notched up several victories, and the championship in Formula Three.

7.2. Motorsport World Rally Championship
Volkswagen Motorsport won the World Rally Championship with Sebastien Ogier and co-driver Julien Ingrassia four years in a row from 2013 to 2016 in the Volkswagen Polo R WRC.
In 1981, now based in Hanover, VW took a new direction into rallying, with the launch of the first-generation Golf, and Swedens Per Eklund, Frenchman Jean-Luc Therier, and the Finn Pentti Airikkala. The final chapters in Volkswagen Racing UKs rallying story were the one-make Castrol Polo Challenge, and the Polo GTI Super 1600 in 2001.

7.3. Motorsport Dakar Rally
In 1980, Volkswagen competed with the Audi-developed Iltis, placing 1st, 2nd, 4th and 9th overall.
Volkswagen won the 2009, 2010 and 2011 Dakar Rally, held in South America.
In 2006, the revised Race-Touareg entered, with driver Giniel de Villiers finishing 2nd overall and 1st in the Diesel class.
In 2005, an updated Race-Touareg with slightly more power entered, with driver Bruno Saby finishing 3rd overall and 1st in the Diesel class.
In 2003, the Hanover-based team entered with a 2WD buggy named Tarek, finishing 6th overall and 1st in the 2WD and Diesel class.

7.4. Motorsport Volkswagen motorsport worldwide
Europe: In 1998 the company founded the ADAC Volkswagen Lupo Cup, founded in 1998 renamed Polo Cup in 2003, and Volkswagen Scirocco R-Cup from 2010 to 2014, and started the ADAC New Beetle Cup in 2000. In 2004, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles entered the European Truck Racing series with the Volkswagen Titan truck – it became a back-to-back champion for the 2004 and 2005 series.
Argentina: Many Volkswagen models have competed in TC 2000, including the 1980 to 1983 champion Volkswagen 1500 and the 1994 champion Volkswagen Gol.
Austria: From 1967 until 1974, the Austrian sole distributor Porsche Salzburg entered the VW Beetle 1500, 1302S and 1303S in Europe-wide rallies. Victories were achieved in 1972 and 1973 in the overall Austrian championship, on Elba, in the Acropolis rally first in class. Top drivers were Tony Fall GB, Achim Warmbold D, Gunter Janger A, Harry KallstromS.
In 1999 and 2000, VW won the F2 Australian Rally Championship with the Golf GTI.
United States: In 1976, Volkswagen entered the under-2000-cc Trans-Am Series, with the Scirocco, and they won their class outright. Beginning in 2008 Volkswagen introduced the Jetta TDI Cup. The Jetta TDI Cup is a SCCA sanctioned race series that features 25 drivers between the ages of 16 and 26 driving slightly modified 2009 Jetta TDIs. The series features 10 events at 8 different road courses across North America. There is $50.000 prize money at stake over the course of the series in addition to the $100.000 prize awarded to the champion of the series at the conclusion of the last race.
Finland: In 2002, VW won the Finnish Rally Championship in a7/F2, with a Golf Mk4 KitCar, with Mikko Hirvonen. In 1999 and 2000, VW won the Finnish Rally Championship in a7/F2 with a Golf Mk3 KitCar. In 2000, 2001 and 2002, VW won the Finnish Racing Championship in Sport 2000 with a Golf Mk4.

8. Literature
Halwart Schrader: VW Personenwagen seit 1945, Band 2, Typenkompass. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-613-02186-2.
Jonas Kiefer: VW Typenatlas, Serienfahrzeuge. 2. Auflage. Delius Klasing, Bielefeld 2002, ISBN 3-7688-1271-5.
Rudi Heppe: VW Personenwagen. Podszun, Brilon 2001, ISBN 3-86133-209-4.
Halwart Schrader: VW Personenwagen seit 1945, Band 1, Typenkompass. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-613-02105-6.
Werner Oswald: Deutsche Autos, Band 3, 1945–1990, Ford, Opel und Volkswagen. 1. Auflage. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-613-02116-1.
Werner Oswald: Deutsche Autos, Band 2, 1920–1945. 2. Auflage. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-613-02170-6.

  • The Volkswagen Up stylized as Volkswagen up is a city car, part of the Volkswagen Group New Small Family NSF series of models, unveiled at the 2011
  • The Volkswagen Golf listen help info is a compact car produced by the German automotive manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across
  • The Volkswagen Transporter, based on the Volkswagen Group s T platform, now in its sixth generation, refers to a series of vans produced over 60 years
  • Volkswagen Group engines includes internal combustion engine articles and related technologies produced by the German automotive concern, Volkswagen Group
  • The Volkswagen emissions scandal, also known as Dieselgate or Emissionsgate, began in September 2015, when the United States Environmental Protection Agency
  • Volkswagen Automotive SVW SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd., formerly known as Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd. or Shanghai Volkswagen
  • SKODA Auto Volkswagen India Pvt Ltd is the wholly owned Indian subsidiary of German automotive manufacturing company Volkswagen Group. On 7 October 2019
  • The Volkswagen Beetle - officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Kafer meaning beetle in parts of the English - speaking world the
  • The Volkswagen Type 3 is a compact car that was manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1961 to 1973. Introduced at the 1961 Frankfurt Motor Show
  • The Volkswagen Polo is a car produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1975. It is sold in Europe and other markets worldwide in hatchback
  • The Volkswagen Lavida is a four door compact sedan manufactured by the German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen Originally launched at Auto China 2008
  • The Volkswagen Golf Mk5 codenamed Typ 1K is a compact car, the fifth generation of the Volkswagen Golf and the successor to the Volkswagen Golf Mk4.
  • Volkswagen produces the following automobiles, past and present, sold under the Volkswagen brand. Volkswagen Amarok 2009 present Volkswagen Ameo 2016 present
  • The Volkswagen Passat is a large family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1973, and now in its eighth generation. It has been marketed
  • The Volkswagen Bora is a small family car, the fourth generation of the Volkswagen Jetta, and the successor to the Volkswagen Vento. Production of the
  • The Volkswagen Atlas is a mid size sport utility vehicle SUV manufactured by the German automaker Volkswagen at its Chattanooga plant in Chattanooga
  • The Volkswagen ID.3 is a compact C - segment electric car produced by Volkswagen based on the MEB platform and the first model of the I.D. Series. It was
  • The Volkswagen Beetle also sold as the Volkswagen Kafer, Volkswagen Coccinelle, Volkswagen Maggiolino, Volkswagen Fusca in some countries is a small
  • The Volkswagen Jetta listen help info is a compact car small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1979. Positioned to fill a sedan
  • The Volkswagen Fox is a subcompact car produced and designed by Volkswagen of Brazil and sold in Latin America since 2003 and in Europe from 2005 to 2011
  • Volkswagen do Brasil Ltda. is a subsidiary arm of Volkswagen Group, established in 1953 with local assembly of the Volkswagen Type 1 from parts imported
  • The Volkswagen Amarok is a pickup truck produced by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles since 2010. It is a traditional body - on - frame truck with double - wishbone
  • The Volkswagen Passat internally designated Volkswagen New Midsize Sedan, or NMS while under development is a mid - sized sedan that debuted in January
  • Volkswagen Group of America, Inc. sometimes referred to as Volkswagen of America, abbreviated to VWoA is the North American operational headquarters
  • The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially depending on body type as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus US or Camper UK
  • The Volkswagen Golf Mk1 is the first generation of a small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen It was noteworthy for signalling Volkswagen s
  • The Volkswagen CC, originally marketed as the Volkswagen Passat CC in its first generation, is a variant of the Volkswagen Passat that trades a coupe - like
  • The Volkswagen Gol is a subcompact car that has been manufactured by Volkswagen do Brasil since 1980 as Volkswagen s entry - level car in the Latin American
  • 125.19667 FAW - Volkswagen Changchun FAW - Volkswagen Automobile Co., Ltd. FAW - VW is a joint venture between FAW Group and Volkswagen Group which manufactures
  • The Volkswagen Santana is a three - box sedan, based on the second - generation Volkswagen Passat B2 It was introduced in 1981 while production started

Car Volkswagen: volkswagen beetle, volkswagen jetta, volkswagen group, volkswagen owns, volkswagen suv, volkswagen founder, volkswagen, volkswagen electric car

Volkswagen Car Care & Driving Tips VW Genuine Service and Parts.

Research Volkswagen cars, trucks and SUVs. Quickly look up new and used prices, compare specs and read consumer and expert reviews of the car you want. Volkswagen Car Net DeMontrond Volkswagen of Conroe, TX. Strong Volkswagen is a Volkswagen dealership located near Salt Lake City Utah. Were here to help with any automotive needs you may have. Dont forget to. Volkswagen Rental Sixt rent a car. 2018 Volkswagen Golf R Hatchback 4DR HB MAN W DCC AWD. 7 DAY EXCHANGE POLICY ON EVERY PURCHASE OUR VEHICLES R … More.

Ray Brandt Volkswagen Dealer in Harvey, LA.

Buy or lease your next VW car or SUV at Rick Case Volkswagen in Davie, FL. Your official VW dealer near Fort Lauderdale and Miami. Shop or Call us today!. Welcome to East Coast Volkswagen Dealership. 1 day ago The Volkswagen, or Peoples Car, that so many millions have known for more than half a century had its genesis in Nazi Germany. Volkswagen South Coast: Volkswagen VW Car Dealer Los. Our Van Nuys new Volkswagen dealer offers the latest VW models and used cars for sale from our location. Find new car finance specials, lease deals, parts. VW ID.3 Volkswagens Affordable Electric Car Carfection YouTube. At the 2019 Frankfurt Auto Show, Henry Catchpole took a look at the VW ID.3, Volkswagens.

Volkswagen Clear Lake Volkswagen Dealer in Houston, TX.

Serving Los Angeles & Santa Ana, CA, Volkswagen South Coast is the best place to purchase your next Volkswagen. View photos and details of our entire new. Volkswagen Dealership Rockaway NJ Pre Owned Cars Trend. Car Net connects you everywhere with your Volkswagen thanks to a variety of services and functions. You can use the Internet in the car as usual. Even your. Leith Volkswagen of Raleigh: VW Dealer Used Cars Raleigh, NC. Full service VW automobile dealer in Columbia, MO with customers from Jefferson City and Sedalia and surrounding areas, too. Part of Joe Machens.

Volkswagen of Alamo Heights: New & Used Car Dealership in San.

Volkswagen of St. Augustine serving St. Augustine FL, Jacksonville FL, Additionally, purchase ANY new or pre owned car with VW of St. Augustine and. Volkswagen Group Homepage. 9 Sep 2019 Volkswagen has rolled out the final version of its first affordable long range electric car, the ID.3, at the 2019 Frankfurt Motor Show. Coming in at. Moffit Volkswagen New & Used Car Dealer Shreveport, LA. 1 day ago Key Point: The Volkswagen played a small but suprisingly crucial role in the German war effort. The Volkswagen, or Peoples Car, that so. Coastal Volkswagen Dealer in Hanover, MA Used. 17 Sep 2019 Volkswagen has launched its third era of car production, unveiling its ID.3 production ready electric car alongside claims the auto giant is set. VW Beetle: The rise and fall of Volkswagens most iconic car. Trust Bob Boast Volkswagen for all your automotive needs. Whether youre from Bradenton, Sarasota, or Tampa, FL, swing by our VW dealership today!. Volkswagen of America, Inc hiring Sr Connected Car Telematics. Mankato Motors is proud to serve Volkswagen customers with new and pre owned cars and SUVs. We are proud recipient of the prestigious Customer First Club.

VW Cars and SUVs Downtown Volkswagen in Thunder Bay, ON.

Ciocca Volkswagen of Allentown is a top Volkswagen dealer in Allentown, offering used cars trucks and SUVs, VW parts & VW service in PA, near Bethlehem,. Used Volkswagen for Sale with Photos CarGurus. As of December 8th, 2017, Dave Walter Volkswagen became Volkswagen of Akron part of the Jay Auto Group. With a rich heritage in the automotive industry,. Pohanka Volkswagen Dealership Capitol Heights MD New & Used. Find Volkswagen in your sales region. All, CMS 4.0, Mobile CMS, Internet Car Configurator, Dealersearch. All Continents, Africa, Australia, Asia, Europe, North.

Lundes Peoria Volkswagen Dealer VW Dealership Serving Phoenix.

Compare Volkswagen models by price, MPG, seating capacity, engine size & more! Browse all the top Volkswagen models & filter down to the best car for you. Volkswagen Dealership Watertown NY Used Cars FX Caprara. 8 Sep 2019 The carmaker is updating its familiar trademark at the same time it is beginning a push to make electric vehicles affordable to the masses. Larry Roesch Volkswagen New & Used VW Dealer Bensenville, IL. World Volkswagen is your source for new Volkswagens and used cars in Neptune, NJ. Browse our full inventory online and then come down for a test drive. Volkswagens bold plan to create a new car operating system Ars. Larry Roesch Volkswagen of Elmhurst is your Bensenville VW dealer. We have all the new Volkswagen vehicles that you have always wanted including the.

Scott Volkswagen New & Used Car Dealer Providence, RI.

Volkswagen. Sales VW: Brand falls 3.2% Audi soars after 18 inventory woes Automakers & Suppliers VW lowers 2019 outlook for vehicle deliveries as. World Volkswagen Dealer in Neptune, NJ Used Cars. The top 10 car lease questions to ask before leasing a car. Volkswagen of Beaumont is here to assist you with the leasing process. Call 855 556 8289. Find Used Volkswagen Cars & SUVs for Sale New Century VW. Pokanka VW of Capitol Heights in MD offers new & used Volkswagen cars, trucks & SUVs near Washington DC. Visit us for sales, financing, service & tires!. Kendall Volkswagen of Bend: New Volkswagen Car & SUV. Used Volkswagen for Sale on google - wiki.info. Search new and used cars, research vehicle models, and compare cars, all online at google - wiki.info.

Volkswagen Cars 2020 Volkswagen Prices, Reviews, Specs.

Every used car for sale comes with a free CARFAX Report. We have 29426 Volkswagen for sale that are reported accident free, 24934 1 Owner cars, and 29833. Volkswagen Car Net® App Connect. 13 Sep 2019 Volkswagen Group is creating a new division just for car software. Ourisman Volkswagen of Rockville. Volkswagen of Kirkland serving Kirkland WA, Bellevue WA, Woodinville, and Bothell WA. Schedule Service. Drive Easy. Special Offers We Buy Cars. New and Used Volkswagen Sunrise Volkswagen Lynbrook, NY. 4 days ago Volkswagen warned that the downturn in the global car market was worsening, but maintained its outlook for profit and revenue as the worlds.

Volkswagen SouthTowne: Volkswagen Dealer South Jordan UT.

Research pricing, specs, and features before you buy a new VW model with expert ratings and reviews of 2019 2020 Volkswagen cars, vans and SUVs. Used Car Volkswagen Fairfax Volkswagen. Used Volkswagen for Sale in Joliet, IL. Check out our Chignoli Auto Sales used inventory, we have the right vehicle to fit your style and budget!. VOLKSWAGEN Models & History, Photo Galleries, Specs. Car Net App Connect for navigation or connecting your vehicle to your smartphone: Youll find the options offered by the App Connect apps from VW here.

Used Volkswagen for Sale CarMax.

Your new Volkswagen or your premium CPO Volkswagen is waiting for you at Downtown Volkswagen in Thunder Bay, Ontario. Car Net Volkswagen We. Come experience the Spitzer Volkswagen difference. car or SUV, look no further than the vehicles at Spitzer Volkswagen Amherst – our trusted Amherst car. Hickory NC Volkswagen dealer serving Hickory New and Used. Research the Volkswagen lineup, including the automakers latest models, discontinued models, news and vehicle reviews.

Volkswagen Dealership Salt Lake City UT Used Cars Strong.

Visit Lewisville Volkswagen to check out our wide array of Volkswagen models for superior automotive service. Proudly serving the Lewisville and Carrollton,. Guide to the Volkswagen Emissions Recall Consumer Reports. Coastal Volkswagen is your source for new Volkswagens and used cars in Hanover, MA. Browse our full inventory online and then come down for a test drive. Bob Boast Volkswagen Auto Dealership Bradenton & Sarasota. Welcome to Moffit Volkswagen. We are your premiere new and used car dealership in the Shreveport, LA. Stop by our auto dealership today to learn more about. Ciocca Volkswagen of Allentown New VW & Used Car Dealer in. Volkswagen of Alamo Heights invites you to visit our new & used VW dealership serving San Antonio,TX for sales, service, parts & more. Call 888 582 0233.

Volkswagen Lineup Latest Models & Discontinued Models Cars.

Ray Brandt Volkswagen is the source for new Volkswagen vehicles in Harvey, LA. Shop our large selection of new VW models and used vehicles. Lewisville Volkswagen Car Dealer in Dallas. Posted 6 days ago. Senior Connected Car Telematics Test Engineer Up to TEN positions This open position is part of…See this and similar jobs on LinkedIn. Volkswagen Dealership In Bakersfield Serving Kern County. Elgin Volkswagen is a Volkswagen dealership located near Elgin Illinois. Were here to help with any automotive needs you may have. Dont forget to check out.

Volkswagen Group

Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Sa...

Volkswagen Passat

The Volkswagen Passat is a large family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1973, and now in its eighth generation. It has been marketed variou...

Volkswagen Golf

The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car produced by the German automotive manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across eight generations, in va...

Volkswagen Polo

The Volkswagen Polo is a car produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1975. It is sold in Europe and other markets worldwide in hatchback, sedan ...

Volkswagen Jetta

The Volkswagen Jetta is a compact car/small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1979. Positioned to fill a sedan niche above the firms G...

Volkswagen Beetle

The Volkswagen Beetle - officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Kafer, in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many o...

Volkswagen Transporter

The Volkswagen Transporter, based on the Volkswagen Groups T platform, now in its sixth generation, refers to a series of vans produced over 60 years and mar...

Volkswagen Crafter

The Volkswagen Crafter, introduced in 2006, is the largest 3 to 5 tonne van produced and sold by the German automaker Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles. The Cra...

Volkswagen Tiguan

The Volkswagen Tiguan is a compact crossover vehicle manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen. Introduced in 2007, the first generation model uses the PQ4...

Volkswagen Type 2

The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus or Camper, Pão de Forma is a forward control light ...

Volkswagen Gol

The Volkswagen Gol is a subcompact car that has been manufactured by Volkswagen do Brasil since 1980 as Volkswagens entry-level car in the Latin American mar...

Volkswagen Atlas

The Volkswagen Atlas is a mid-size crossover SUV manufactured by the German automaker Volkswagen at its Chattanooga plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee, United S...

Volkswagen Beetle (A5)

The Volkswagen Beetle is a small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen introduced in 2011 for the 2012 model year, as the successor to the New B...

Volkswagen Fox

The Volkswagen Fox is a subcompact car produced and designed by Volkswagen of Brazil and sold in Latin America since 2003 and in Europe from 2005 to 2011, wh...

Volkswagen Type 4

The Volkswagen Type 4 is a compact car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen of Germany from 1968 to 1974 in two-door and four-door sedan as well as two-do...

Volkswagen Up

The Volkswagen Up is a city car, part of the Volkswagen Group New Small Family series of models, unveiled at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany. Produ...

Volkswagen Karmann Ghia

The Volkswagen Karmann Ghia is a sports car marketed in 2+2 coupe and 2+2 convertible body styles by Volkswagen. Internally designated the Type 14, the Karma...

Volkswagen Scirocco

The Volkswagen Scirocco is a three-door, four passenger, front-engine, front wheel drive sports coupe manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen in two generati...

Volkswagen Schwimmwagen

The VW Type 128 and 166 Schwimmwagen were amphibious four-wheel drive off-roaders, used extensively by German ground forces during the Second World War. The ...

Volkswagen New Beetle

The Volkswagen New Beetle is a compact car, introduced by Volkswagen in 1997, drawing heavy inspiration from the exterior design of the original Beetle. Manu...

Volkswagen Touareg

The Volkswagen Touareg is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 2002 at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant. The vehicle was named ...

Volkswagen Phaeton

The Volkswagen Phaeton FAY -tən is a Full-size luxury sedan/saloon manufactured by the German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, described by Volkswagen as ...

Volkswagen Amarok

The Volkswagen Amarok is a pickup truck produced by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles since 2010. It is a traditional body-on-frame truck with double-wishbone s...

Volkswagen Lupo

The Lupo was introduced in October 1998, to fill a gap at the bottom of the Volkswagen model range caused by the increasing size and weight of the Polo. The ...

Volkswagen Sharan

The Volkswagen Sharan is a multi-purpose vehicle produced by the German Volkswagen Group and built at the AutoEuropa plant in Palmela, Portugal, since 1995. ...

Volkswagen Corrado

The Volkswagen Corrado is a compact four passenger, three door, front engine, front wheel drive liftback coupe marketed by Volkswagen from 1988 to 1995, and ...

Volkswagen Touran

The Volkswagen Touran is a compact MPV first launched in February 2003, sold in Europe and other select markets. It fills a gap in Volkswagens model lineup, ...

Volkswagen Arteon

The Volkswagen Arteon is a four door fastback based on the Volkswagen Group MQB platform. The Arteon was unveiled on 6 March 2017, at the Geneva Motor Show, ...

Volkswagen Eos

The Volkswagen Eos is a sport compact cabriolet coupe produced by the German automaker Volkswagen from 2006 to 2016. Assembled at AutoEuropa in Portugal, it ...

Volkswagen Caddy

The Volkswagen Caddy is a leisure activity vehicle produced by the Volkswagen Group since 1980. It is sold in Europe and in other markets around the world. T...

Volkswagen 1-litre car

The Volkswagen XL1 is a two-person limited production diesel-powered plug-in hybrid produced by Volkswagen. The XL1 car was designed to be able to travel 100...

Volkswagen Kubelwagen

The Volkswagen Kubelwagen, was a light military vehicle designed by Ferdinand Porsche and built by Volkswagen during World War II for use by the German milit...

Volkswagen LT

The Volkswagen LT was the largest light commercial panel van produced by Volkswagen from 1975 to 2006. Two generations were produced.

Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles

Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles is a German marque of light commercial vehicles, owned by Volkswagen Group. It is headquartered in Hannover, Lower Saxony, Ger...

Volkswagen Microbus/Bulli concept vehicles

The Volkswagen Microbus/Bulli concept vehicles are a series of concept cars that are styled to recall the original Volkswagen Microbus built by Volkswagen AG...

Volkswagen 181

The Volkswagen Type 181 is a two-wheel drive, four-door, convertible, manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1968 to 1983. Originally developed for the...

Volkswagen Iltis

The Volkswagen Type 183, more commonly known as the Iltis, is a military vehicle built by Volkswagen for use by the German military. The Iltis was also built...

Volkswagen CrossBlue

The Volkswagen CrossBlue is a concept diesel plug-in-hybrid mid size crossover SUV, intended to sit in the range of SUVs by Volkswagen, below the Volkswagen ...